- CAG report on PMUY
- Bougainville Referendum
- Jalshakti Abhiyan
CAG REPORT ON PMUY
Why in news?
‘Performance Audit of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana’ is done by CAG recently.
What is performance audit?
The main objective of performance audit is to constructively promote economical, effective and efficient governance. It also contributes to accountability and transparency. Performance audit promotes accountability by assisting those charged with governance and oversight responsibilities to improve performance through an examination of whether:
a) decisions by the legislature or the executive are efficiently and effectively prepared and implemented and
b) tax payers or citizens have received value for money.
What was found?
- Lacunae in the monitoring system.
- Errors in identification
- Misappropriation of funds in government schemes
- issuance of connections to unintended beneficiaries
- problems with the software of the state run oil marketing companies for identifying intended beneficiaries and inadequacies in the de-duplication process
- departure from safety norms by the LPG distributors
- Diversion of domestic cylinders for commercial use
About Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana:
- Under this scheme, 5 crore connections are to be provided to the people needing them.
- BPL families will be offered a support of Rs.1600 per connection. This is for the cylinder, booklet, pressure regulator, safety hose, etc. and will be borne by the government itself.
- Apart from these, the scheme also provides interest-free loans to buy stove and refill by oil marketing companies.
- The connections would be given in the name of women of the households.
- An initial outlay of Rs.8000 crore was sanctioned for the implementation of the scheme.
- The authorities would identify BPL families based on the Socio Economic Caste Census data.
- The scheme is also expected to create employment to the tune of about a lakh. It will also boost the ‘Make in India’ programme for manufacturers of gas cylinders, stoves, gas hose and regulators. Only domestic manufacturers are engaged in this.
Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat scheme is a nation-wide scheme launched by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas designed to distribute LPG connections to the rural households where conventional fuel is used for domestic purposes and to give a boost to the existing Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY). LPG Panchayat is a backup scheme to the existing PMUY.
Ministry involved: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas
With overwhelming vote for independence in the country, it has declared independence from Papua New Guinea (PNG)
JAL SHAKTI ABHIYAN
Why in news?
A mass movement by indian government for the protection of water resources.
Government created Jal shakti ministry, combining Ministry of water resources and Ganga rejuvination and Ministry of drinking water and sanitation.
Mapping the aquifers, ground water recharge – providing clean drinking water to all the households by 2022.
The Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a campaign for water conservation and water security in the country.
- It is a collaborative effort of various ministries of the Government of India and state governments, being coordinated by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) that comes under the Jal Shakti Ministry.
- The focus of the campaign is on water stressed districts and blocks. The teams of officers from the central government will visit and work with district administration in 1592 water stressed blocks in 256 districts, to ensure five important water conservation interventions.
The five important water conservation interventions are :
- Water conservation and rainwater harvesting,
- Renovation of traditional and other water bodies/tanks,
- Reuse of water and recharging of structures,
- Watershed development and
- Intensive afforestation.
- The water conservation interventions will also be supplemented with special interventions including the development of block and district water conservation plans, promotion of efficient water use for irrigation and better choice of crops through Krishi Vigyan Kendras.