CONTENTS

  1. CAG report on PMUY
  2. Bougainville Referendum
  3. Jalshakti Abhiyan

CAG REPORT ON PMUY

Why in news?

‘Performance Audit of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana’ is done by CAG recently.

What is performance audit?

The main objective of performance audit is to constructively promote economical, effective and efficient governance. It also contributes to accountability and transparency. Performance audit promotes accountability by assisting those charged with governance and oversight responsibilities to improve performance through an examination of whether:

a) decisions by the legislature or the executive are efficiently and effectively prepared and implemented and

b) tax payers or citizens have received value for money.

Vanishing into thin air? audit found that in 3.43 lakh instances LPG distributors had issued 2 to 20 refills in a day to a single Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana beneficiary having a single cylinder connection. Table lists customers who ordered more than one refill in a single day and the number of such instances Daily refills 6 - 13 14 20 Total Customers 17,589 6,931 3,829 9,283 Instances 20.389 7,574 4,065 9,587 • At least 2.98 lakh customers have applied for more than one refill a day in 3.43 lakh instances • As a domestic connection won't need so many refills, the CAC suspects that they are being diverted for commercial use (such as in restaurants)

What was found?

  • Lacunae in the monitoring system.
  • Errors in identification
  • Misappropriation of funds in government schemes
  • issuance of connections to unintended beneficiaries
  • problems with the software of the state run oil marketing companies for identifying intended beneficiaries and inadequacies in the de-duplication process
  • departure from safety norms by the LPG distributors
  • Diversion of domestic cylinders for commercial use

About Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana:

Image result for Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

Features

  • Under this scheme, 5 crore connections are to be provided to the people needing them.
  • BPL families will be offered a support of Rs.1600 per connection. This is for the cylinder, booklet, pressure regulator, safety hose, etc. and will be borne by the government itself.
  • Apart from these, the scheme also provides interest-free loans to buy stove and refill by oil marketing companies.
  • The connections would be given in the name of women of the households.
  • An initial outlay of Rs.8000 crore was sanctioned for the implementation of the scheme.
  • The authorities would identify BPL families based on the Socio Economic Caste Census data.
  • The scheme is also expected to create employment to the tune of about a lakh. It will also boost the ‘Make in India’ programme for manufacturers of gas cylinders, stoves, gas hose and regulators. Only domestic manufacturers are engaged in this.

Extra Coverage:

Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat scheme is a nation-wide scheme launched by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas designed to distribute LPG connections to the rural households where conventional fuel is used for domestic purposes and to give a boost to the existing Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY). LPG Panchayat is a backup scheme to the existing PMUY.

Ministry involved: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas


BOUGAINVILLE REFERENDUM

With overwhelming vote for independence in ­the country, it has declared independence from Papua New Guinea (PNG)

IT'S A FLOWER. IT'S A PLANT. IT'S A NEW COUNTRY t must be a hectic time for those that track the birth of nations. After the reported Hindu homeland of Kailasaa conceved by fugitive swami Nithyananda comes news of another new country on the glotnl map. And this one's more red, even though Bougainville does have some way to go before celebrating actual independence from Papua New Guinea Around the world, there are several cases of communities and regions looking to attain statehood, Catalonia and Kurdistan being prominent examples. But how does a country become known and recognised as such? South Pacific Island Chain With Huge Miræral Wealth And A It is control of Bougainville's Panguna mine, which in 1970s confrbLted nearly half of Papua New' Guinea (PNG)S export income through gold and copper mining, that triggered a bludy civil war bed.veen islanders who felt they were derived of a fair glare ot tha wealth and ENG forces that finally to the referendum 2019, in which of 180,000 voters choæ freedom from P NG The civil war, which killed 2L000 people, ended in 1998. As gnrt of the peæe accord, Bougainville was in2001 promised a referendum within 20 years Pacific Islands Solomon Sea BOUgainviIIe Population: u,mo Area: 8.90 sq. kn Main city: Buka GDP per Sl,100 Bougainville nam«f for French explorer L0Lis-Antoine de Bougainville, afte whcrn the flowering vine Bougainvillea (with he extra i') is also named
WBut R<erendum Doesnt Mean It Beconæs A New Country Instantly —And Not All EM In A Nev Country Being Born Referendum Yr That's tkcause the referendum result is non-binding. This means Papua New Guinea and Bougainville WII have to engage in negotiations for seccession. The final call on whether Bougainville can break away rsts with PNGparliament PNG rmy not mind d long-drawn out talks process given possible concern that 30ugainville's secession would set a p recedent for other pmvnces New Country Indeed, experts say Bougainville could become an inspiraticn for other independence movements in the Pacific, from Papua, seeking to secede from Indonesia, to New Cabdonia which will hold a referendum nextyear on treaking away from France How A County mme Be It's Neither SinuNe, Nor Easy v Comoros (3 B.) V 1974 Aruba 1m 19B NewCaEdonä M)nenewo D IA 1B Quebec, Bermuda is Nevis Is 2" 2011 Scotlm d, Sint Eustasius 2014 South of Brail 2017 Guinea Sanwa, Jamaica Algeria Rhodsiu Malta Comoros (1 Is.) Djbouti St Vincent & the Grenadines Armei a, , Cuba, Gergia, Latvh. I_kraim, B)snia & Eritrea East T inor Montenegro South Sudan For all practical purposs, in the 20th century, the idea that underpins a nation is that of "self-determ ination". It is even enshrined as a right in he UN Charter of Butsincea nation state has to exist physically and not just as an idea, some of its key components have to a people, a territory and a governnmt So, when the idea of self- ination has a people, a territory and a provisional government to back it conditions are created for a nation state to itself to the world rvore And herp comes another key factor: recvlition other countrie, or recognitim by the Unit«i Nations. There are quite a fewterritories world over recognitim, Kosovo and m,van being prmlinent Also, whning independence means redrawing he map of a country, sonething that prima facie cm violate laws of territorial integriy and generally makes he international community reluctant to extend support recognition We: are Of held, mt Of 'PW COLTtry TYE EEt mor Weas held in the in m 02 World's Newest Countrks south Sudan Kosovo Serbia East Timor Palau Eritrea Czech Rep. Slovakia July 9, 2011 (Date Forrned) Feb 17,2m8 June3,20C6 May 20, 2n Oct 1, 1994 Apil n, 193 Jan 1.1993 Jan 1,199 195 Total nun%er of countries (193 UN members and FAO non-mem bers). This is excluding Bougainville

JAL SHAKTI ABHIYAN

WBut R<erendum Doesnt Mean It Beconæs A New Country Instantly —And Not All EM In A Nev Country Being Born Referendum Yr That's tkcause the referendum result is non-binding. This means Papua New Guinea and Bougainville WII have to engage in negotiations for seccession. The final call on whether Bougainville can break away rsts with PNGparliament PNG rmy not mind d long-drawn out talks process given possible concern that 30ugainville's secession would set a p recedent for other pmvnces New Country Indeed, experts say Bougainville could become an inspiraticn for other independence movements in the Pacific, from Papua, seeking to secede from Indonesia, to New Cabdonia which will hold a referendum nextyear on treaking away from France How A County mme Be It's Neither SinuNe, Nor Easy v Comoros (3 B.) V 1974 Aruba 1m 19B NewCaEdonä M)nenewo D IA 1B Quebec, Bermuda is Nevis Is 2" 2011 Scotlm d, Sint Eustasius 2014 South of Brail 2017 Guinea Sanwa, Jamaica Algeria Rhodsiu Malta Comoros (1 Is.) Djbouti St Vincent & the Grenadines Armei a, , Cuba, Gergia, Latvh. I_kraim, B)snia & Eritrea East T inor Montenegro South Sudan For all practical purposs, in the 20th century, the idea that underpins a nation is that of "self-determ ination". It is even enshrined as a right in he UN Charter of Butsincea nation state has to exist physically and not just as an idea, some of its key components have to a people, a territory and a governnmt So, when the idea of self- ination has a people, a territory and a provisional government to back it conditions are created for a nation state to itself to the world rvore And herp comes another key factor: recvlition other countrie, or recognitim by the Unit«i Nations. There are quite a fewterritories world over recognitim, Kosovo and m,van being prmlinent Also, whning independence means redrawing he map of a country, sonething that prima facie cm violate laws of territorial integriy and generally makes he international community reluctant to extend support recognition We: are Of held, mt Of 'PW COLTtry TYE EEt mor Weas held in the in m 02 World's Newest Countrks south Sudan Kosovo Serbia East Timor Palau Eritrea Czech Rep. Slovakia July 9, 2011 (Date Forrned) Feb 17,2m8 June3,20C6 May 20, 2n Oct 1, 1994 Apil n, 193 Jan 1.1993 Jan 1,199 195 Total nun%er of countries (193 UN members and FAO non-mem bers). This is excluding Bougainville

Why in news?

A mass movement by indian government for the protection of water resources.

Government created Jal shakti ministry, combining Ministry of water resources and Ganga rejuvination and Ministry of drinking water and sanitation.

Mapping the aquifers, ground water recharge – providing clean drinking water to all the households by 2022.

About it:

The Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a campaign for water conservation and water security in the country.

  • It is a collaborative effort of various ministries of the Government of India and state governments, being coordinated by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) that comes under the Jal Shakti Ministry.
  • The focus of the campaign is on water stressed districts and blocks. The teams of officers from the central government will visit and work with district administration in 1592 water stressed blocks in 256 districts, to ensure five important water conservation interventions.

The five important water conservation interventions are :

  • Water conservation and rainwater harvesting,
  • Renovation of traditional and other water bodies/tanks,
  • Reuse of water and recharging of structures,
  • Watershed development and
  • Intensive afforestation.
  • The water conservation interventions will also be supplemented with special interventions including the development of block and district water conservation plans, promotion of efficient water use for irrigation and better choice of crops through Krishi Vigyan Kendras.

Extra Coverage

Related image
Share this article on

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of