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Current Affairs 19 December 2019 for UPSC Exam


  2. US President Donald Trump impeached
  3. WHO launches first biosimilar medicine to treat Breast Cancer


What is fake news?

Any news becomes a fake news if the information presented is incorrect or information doesn’t represent facts that it is expected to carry.

How will AI help?

Artificial intelligence is now looked upon as the cornerstone to separate the good from bad in the news field. That is because artificial intelligence makes it easy to learn behaviors, possible through pattern recognition. Harnessing artificial intelligence’s power, fake news can be identified by taking a cue from articles that were flagged as inaccurate by people in the past.

AI fake news infographic

With the help of Artificial Intelligence, the Delhi police will counter deep fake videos circulating on the social media

During the investigation, it was found that deep fake videos were posted through social media accounts operating out of Delhi and such videos have fuelled the violence. Fake or morphed videos shared via social media have contributed to the violence in Jamia Nagar

A team of cyber experts working in close coordination with Delhi police have identified several Twitter, Facebook, Whatsapp and Telegram accounts indulged in rumour ­mongering,

US President Donald Trump impeached

Why in news?

Donald Trump became the third President to be impeached by the US House. He was accused of enlisting foreign government to investigate political rival before 2020 election.

Impeachment in American History

In 1998, President Bill Clinton was impeached on charges of sexual relationship with his intern. However, the senate acquitted him.
Before him, in 1868, President Andrew Johnson was impeached. He was acquitted by one vote in the Senate.

In 1974, President Nixon resigned over water gate corruption charges. The judiciary committee approved the articles of impeachment before the house could even pass them.

Impeachment process in the US

Article 2 of the US constitution lists the procedure of impeachment of US president. Impeachment does not remove the president from power. It is an accusation, when proved the Senate should decide whether to convict the president of the charges contained.

Image result for us president impeachment

WHO launches first biosimilar medicine to treat Breast Cancer

Why in news?

World Health Organization (WHO) prequalified its first biosimilar medicine – trastuzumab – in a move that could make this expensive, life-saving treatment more affordable and available to women globally.

Why is it required?

Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. 2.1 million women contracted breast cancer in 2018. 630 000 of them died from the disease, many because of late diagnosis and lack of access to affordable treatment.

The Essential Medicines according to the WHO, are the medicines that satisfy priority health care needs. It was launched in 1977 and updated once in two years. The list includes medicines for both adult and children. The current list was published in April 2019.

Bio-similar medicines

Biosimilar medicines are produced from biological sources like cells and not from synthesized chemicals. They are important to treat cancers and other non-communicable diseases. They are less expensive and give same effectiveness as that of generic medicines.

Image result for biosimilar medicine

The trastizumab is already in use in several markets. But this is the first time, WHO is approving the medicine.

December 2023