1. Pragati Scheme
  2. Defense Acquisition Council
  3. Center of Excellence for Studies in Classical Telugu (CESCT), Nellore
  4. Central Government Notifies National Startup Advisory Council


  • Proactive governance and timely implementation
  • The platform is aimed at addressing common man’s grievances, and simultaneously monitoring and reviewing important programmes and projects of the Government of India as well as projects flagged by State Governments

Unique Features:

  • The PRAGATI platform uniquely bundles three latest technologies: Digital data management, video-conferencing and geo-spatial technology.
  • It also offers a unique combination in the direction of cooperative federalism since it brings on one stage the Secretaries of Government of India and the Chief Secretaries of the States.
  • With this, the Prime Minister is able to discuss the issues with the concerned Central and State officials with full information and latest visuals of the ground level situation. It is also an innovative project in e-governance and good governance.
  • It is a three-tier system (PMO, Union Government Secretaries, and Chief Secretaries of the States).
  • Issues to be flagged before the PM are picked up from the available database regarding Public Grievances, on-going Programmes and pending Projects


  • The Defence Acquisition Council is the highest decision-making body in the Defence Ministry for deciding on new policies and capital acquisitions for the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Indian Coast Guard.
  • The Minister of Defence is the Chairman of the Council.
  • It was formed, after the Group of Ministers recommendations on ‘Reforming the National Security System’, in 2001, post Kargil War (1999).


  • Set up under the Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysuru after Telugu was recognized as a Classical Language, in 2008.
  • The Center focusses on the protection, promotion and propagation of Classical Telugu

For more details on classical Telugu Literature and poets: Click here


Why in news?

The Central Government has notified the structure of the National Startup Advisory Council to advise the Government on measures needed to build a strong ecosystem for nurturing innovation and startups in the country to drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities


  • Council will suggest measures to foster a culture of innovation amongst citizens and students in particular
  • Promote innovation in all sectors of economy across the country, including semi-urban and rural areas
  • Support creative and innovative ideas through incubation and research and development to transform them into valuable products
  • The National Startup Advisory Council will be chaired by Minster for Commerce & Industry.
  •  The Council will consist of the non-official members, to be nominated by Central Government
  • Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade will be the Convener of the Council



  • Since it started operations in 1996, UNAIDS provides the strategic direction, advocacy, coordination and technical support needed to catalyse and connect leadership from governments, the private sector and communities to deliver life-saving HIV services
  • UNAIDS is leading the global effort to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • UNAIDS is a model for United Nations reform and is the only cosponsored Joint Programme in the United Nations system. It draws on the experience and expertise of 11 United Nations system Cosponsors and is the only United Nations entity with civil society represented on its governing body
  • The UNAIDS Secretariat has offices in 70 countries, with 70% of its staff based in the field, and has a budget of US$ 140 million for 2018. The budget for the Joint Programme for 2018 is US$ 242 million
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