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5T Initiative Overviews


The 5T initiative in Odisha is a governance model that stands for Teamwork, Transparency, Technology, Time, and Transformation, launched with the aim of improving governance and ensuring efficient delivery of public services.


GS II: Government policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. 5T Initiative Overview
  2. Mo Sarkar Initiative
  3. Agenda for Implementing Niti Aayog-like Bodies in States
  4. Need for Setting up NITI Aayog-like Bodies in States

5T Initiative Overview:


  • Emphasizes inter-departmental collaboration within the government for effective problem-solving.
  • Promotes cooperation and coordination among different government agencies.


  • Focuses on enhancing the openness and accountability of government processes and decisions.
  • Aims to provide easier public access to information and reduce bureaucratic hurdles.
  • Encourages ethical and accountable behavior within the government.


  • Advocates the adoption of modern technology and digital solutions to streamline government operations.
  • Aims to improve service delivery and operational efficiency.


  • Highlights the importance of delivering government services promptly and reducing delays.


  • Seeks to revolutionize the functioning of government departments.
  • Aims to create a government that is more responsive, citizen-centered, and results-driven.
Achievements of the 5T Initiative:
  • As of March 2023, 6,872 high schools have been transformed under the 5T initiative.
  • Private schools had 1,605,000 students in the 2019-20 academic year, but this number decreased to 1,462,000 in 2021-22. This suggests an increase in the enrollment of students in government schools.

Mo Sarkar Initiative:

  • A governance program focused on transforming government service delivery and enhancing transparency and accountability.
  • “Mo Sarkar” translates to “My Government” in the local language.
  • Features real-time feedback mechanisms allowing citizens who interact with government offices to provide feedback.
  • Citizen phone numbers are made available to top officials, including the Chief Minister, to facilitate feedback.
  • Aims to shift power from bureaucracy to citizens, making governance more evidence-based, efficient, and equitable.

Agenda for Implementing Niti Aayog-like Bodies in States:

  • NITI Aayog will assist states in setting up similar bodies to replace planning boards, with the goal of achieving faster and more inclusive economic growth and becoming a developed nation by 2047.
  • The plan initially targets 8-10 states to establish such bodies before reaching out to all states by March 2023.
  • States like Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Assam have already initiated work in this direction, while Maharashtra, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Gujarat are expected to follow suit.
  • NITI Aayog will support the creation of teams to examine existing state planning board structures.
  • The formation of State Institutions for Transformation (SITs) will be conceptualized over the next 4-6 months.
  • Lateral entry of professionals will be encouraged in SITs to undertake high-quality analytical work and provide policy recommendations.
  • SITs will assist in policy formulation, policy and program evaluation, and suggest improved technology or delivery models.

Need for Setting up NITI Aayog-like Bodies in States:

  • States are the drivers of the Indian economy, contributing significantly to the national GDP.
  • Many critical areas like health, education, and skilling fall under state governments’ purview.
  • State governments play a crucial role in improving ease of doing business, land reforms, infrastructure development, credit flow, and urbanization.
  • Most state planning departments or boards have become nonfunctional and lack clarity regarding their roles and responsibilities.
  • The move is essential for the economic growth and development of states and the country as a whole.

-Source: The Hindu

July 2024