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About A Tiger Orchids

Context:

Recently, Tiger Orchids (Grammatophyllum speciosum) bloom at the Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI), Palode, Kerala.

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Facts for Prelims

Tiger Orchid

  • Appearance: The Tiger Orchid, also known as Grammatophyllum speciosum, is renowned for being the largest orchid species globally. It derives its name from the splendid flowers, which feature striking brown spots on a yellow backdrop, resembling the appearance of tigers.
  • Flowering Pattern: In its natural habitat, the Tiger Orchid produces flowers in alternate years after 8 to 12 years of growth. While it blooms in January or July, not all plants flower every year.
  • Ornamental Use: Due to its attractive foliage and large flowers, the Tiger Orchid is commonly cultivated as an ornamental orchid in gardens and parks.
  • Record Height: The Guinness Book of World Records has recognized this orchid as the world’s tallest, with recorded specimens reaching heights of up to 7.62 meters.
  • Distribution and Habitat: The Tiger Orchid is found in various countries, including Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, and Laos. It thrives in terrestrial habitats, such as primary rainforests, freshwater swamp forests, and riverine areas, particularly in tropical and sub-tropical/monsoonal climate zones.
  • Conservation Status: The Tiger Orchid is listed under CITES Appendix II, indicating a level of concern for its conservation.

-Source: The Hindu


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