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About Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary


Recently, The Indian Air Force deployed an MI17 helicopter to control the massive wildfire in Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS) in Almora, Uttarakhand.


GS III: Environment and Ecology

About Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Location:
    • Situated in Uttarakhand, India.
    • Located in the Kumaon region of the Himalayas, approximately 33 kilometres north of Almora district.
    • Covers an area of around 47 square kilometres.
  • Historical Significance:
    • Formerly the summer capital of the Chand Dynasty rulers, who governed Kumaon from the 7th to 18th century AD.
    • The sanctuary is at an elevation of 2,420 meters.
    • Named after the Bineshwar Mahadev temple, a 16th-century temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
  • Biodiversity:
    • Known for its rich biodiversity and panoramic views of Himalayan peaks such as Chaukhamba, Nanda Devi, Nanda Kot, Panchachuli, and Kedarnath.
  • Flora:
    • Features oak and rhododendron forests at higher altitudes and chir pine forests at lower elevations.
    • Contains 25 types of trees, 24 types of bushes, and seven varieties of grasses.
  • Fauna:
    • Hosts more than 200 species of native and migratory birds.
    • Houses endangered species like the Indian red fox, jackals, pine martens, and porcupines.
    • Also home to leopards, ghorals, wild boars, kakars, monkeys, Himalayan black bears, and several bird species including the Himalayan monal, koklass pheasant, and Himalayan griffon.

-Source: Indian Express

July 2024