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About Channapatna Toys

Context:

Channapatna toys have now become part of children’s academic activities in Afghanistan.

Relevance:

GS I: Art and Culture

Channapatna Toys: Wooden Craftsmanship from Gombegala Ooru

  • Origin: Channapatna toys are a distinct form of wooden toys and dolls crafted in Channapatna, located in the Ramanagara district of Karnataka.
  • Local Name: Channapatna is also known as Gombegala Ooru, meaning toy-town.
History:

Tipu Sultan’s Influence:

  • The history of Channapatna toys dates back to the 18th century during Tipu Sultan’s reign in the Kingdom of Mysore.
  • Legend has it that Tipu Sultan, impressed by the craftsmanship of Persian artisans, invited them to train local craftsmen in toy-making.
  • This marked the inception of the Channapatna toy industry, which has thrived ever since.
Distinct Features:

Handmade Craftsmanship:

  • Most Channapatna toys are handmade, preserving traditional techniques passed down through generations, ensuring each piece’s uniqueness.

Material Composition:

  • Traditionally crafted from Ivory Wood, sourced from nearby forests. Modern variations use sandalwood and mango wood.
  • Painted with organic colors derived from vegetables, plants, and natural dyes, ensuring the toys are 100% chemical-free.

Safe Designs:

  • Typically shaped as rounds and cubes with blunt edges, ensuring complete safety for children.

Geographical Indication (GI) Tag:

  • Channapatna Toys received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2005, highlighting their unique origin and traditional craftsmanship.

-Source: Indian Express


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