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About Char Area

Context:

Recently, the Chief Minister of Assam said his government would undertake a mission to reclaim the chars from encroachers to safeguard the “ecological integrity” of the Brahmaputra Valley.

Relevance:

GS III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Char Area
  2. Issues with Char Area

About Char Area:

  • Refers to the riverine areas, islands, or “Char/Chapori” formed by the river Brahmaputra.
  • Characterized by a unique migration pattern influenced by erosion and deposition dynamics.
  • Migration typically occurs downstream due to erosion upstream, impacting char geometry and location during floods.

Issues with Char Area:

  • Migration Dynamics: The constant threat of erosion during the rainy season leads to migration downstream.
  • Communication Challenges: Lack of all-weather communication with the main banks hinders connectivity.
  • Mobility Constraints: Inadequate means of intra and inter-char mobility pose challenges.
  • Infrastructure Gaps: Limited development of transport, surface roads, health services, drinking water facilities, farm input delivery, marketing, agro-services, electricity, and education.
  • Unique Problems: The constant threat from floods and erosion presents unique challenges in the Char Areas.
  • Segregation: Land masses are segregated and isolated, making major schemes for communication, irrigation, power supply, or educational institutions difficult to implement.

-Source: The Hindu


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