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About Coco Islands

Context:

Amid recent reports of suspicious infrastructure upgrades at Myanmar’s Coco Islands, an MQ-9 drone leased by the Indian Navy was recently seen reconnoitring the nearby areas of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Relevance:

Places in News

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Coco Islands
  2. History

About Coco Islands:

  • The Coco Islands, a small group of islands located in the Bay of Bengal, are part of the Yangon Region of Myanmar.
  • The largest island in the group, Great Coco Island, is just 55 km away from India’s strategic Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Geologically, the Coco Islands are an extension of the Arakan Mountains and emerge as a chain of islands in the Bay of Bengal before re-emerging as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which are part of the same topography as the Coco Islands.
History:
  • During the early 19th century, the British government in India established a penal colony in the Andaman for convicts from the Indian subcontinent.
  • The Coco Islands served as a source of food for this colony. The British government leased the islands to the Jadwet family of Burma, resulting in poor governance of the islands.
  • Consequently, the British government transferred control of the islands to the government of Lower Burma in Rangoon.
  • In 1882, the islands officially became part of British Burma and became a self-governing crown colony even after Burma was separated from British India in 1937.

-Source: Indian Today


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