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About Feline Panleukopenia Virus


In the last one month, seven leopard cubs at Bannerghatta Biological Park in Bengaluru have died after being infected by the feline panleukopenia virus.


GS II: Health

Feline Panleukopenia Virus (Feline Distemper):

  • Feline Panleukopenia Virus is a highly contagious viral disease that affects cats.
  • It is also commonly referred to as Feline Distemper, and it poses a severe and often fatal threat to infected cats.
  • The virus targets rapidly dividing cells in the cat’s body, including those in the bone marrow, intestines, skin, and even developing fetuses.
  • Once a cat becomes infected with the Feline Panleukopenia Virus, the disease primarily impacts the intestines.
  • Common symptoms include severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration, which can ultimately lead to the cat’s demise.
  • The virus spreads rapidly, and infected cats typically succumb to the disease within four to five days.
  • Currently, there is no specific treatment available for Feline Panleukopenia.
  • Dehydration resulting from the disease is managed through aggressive intravenous fluid therapy.
  • Clinical signs such as vomiting and diarrhea are treated with prescription medications.
  • In some cases, antibiotic therapy may be administered to combat secondary bacterial infections, particularly when white blood cell counts are low.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023