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About Foot Rot Disease


Recently, several farmers raised the concern over “foot rot” disease in the saplings of the Basmati variety of paddy in the nurseries.


GS II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Foot rot disease
  2. About Basmati Rice

About Foot Rot Disease:

  • Foot rot disease, also known as Bakanae Disease, is a fungal infection that affects the Basmati variety of paddy.
  • It is caused by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides.
  • The disease is both soil and seed-borne, meaning it can be transmitted through contaminated soil or infected seeds.
  • Infected saplings exhibit symptoms such as pale yellow coloration, elongation, and eventual drying, leading to plant death.
  • In some cases, symptoms may appear after transplantation, with infected plants growing taller than normal before wilting and dying.

About Basmati Rice:

  • Basmati rice is highly regarded for its quality and is a prominent agricultural product of India.
  • It is primarily cultivated in seven states: Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand.
  • Basmati rice holds a Geographical Indication (GI) tag, highlighting its unique origin and characteristics.
  • When cooked, Basmati rice exhibits desirable traits such as a pleasant mouthfeel, aromatic fragrance, and long grain length.
  • It has a significant market abroad and contributes around ₹30,000 crores in foreign exchange annually.

-Source: The Hindu


December 2023