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About Gangotri National Park

Context:

Gangotri national park (GNP) authorities would soon be transferring around 50 hectares of land to the Army and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) to develop new bunkers and border outposts near the LAC. 

Relevance:

GS III: Environment and Ecology

About Gangotri National Park:

Location:
  • Gangotri National Park is situated in the Uttarkashi District of Uttarakhand, India.
  • It occupies the upper catchment area of the Bhagirathi River.
  • The northeastern boundary of the park forms the international border between India and Tibet (China).
  • It shares borders with Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary and Govind National Park.
  • The park covers an area of 2,390 sq km (920 sq mi) in the mountainous region of the country.
  • The park is located within the Gangotri Group of the Garhwal Himalayas, which is a subrange of the eastern Himalayas.
  • Prominent peaks in the park include Chaukhamba I, Satopanth, Chaukhamba II, Chaukhamba III, and Kedarnath Main.
  • The renowned Gangotri Glacier, one of the main sources of the Ganges River, is located within the park.
Ecology:
  • Gangotri National Park encompasses various high-altitude ecosystems typical of the Himalayas.
  • The lower elevations are dominated by Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, characterized by fir trees mixed with deodar, oak, spruce, and rhododendron.
  • Higher elevations feature Western Himalayan alpine shrubs, with alpine meadows found beneath the vast glaciers.
Fauna:
  • The park is known for its diverse wildlife, including the elusive snow leopard.
  • Other notable species found within the park include the brown bear, blue sheep, musk deer, Asian black bear, and Himalayan tahr, among others.

-Source: Times of India


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