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About Goan Cashew


Recently, Goan cashew (kernel) got the geographical indication (GI) tag.


GS III: Indian Economy

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Cashew in India
  2. Special Characteristics of Tangsa Textile
  3. Geographical Indications (GI) Tag

Cashew in India

  • Cashew is a significant plantation crop in India.
  • It was originally native to northeast Brazil in Latin America and was introduced to Goa by the Portuguese in the 16th century, specifically in 1570.
  • Upon its introduction to the Indian coasts, cashew was primarily seen as a crop for afforestation and soil conservation.
  • In Goa, it occupies the largest area among horticultural crops.
Climatic Conditions
  • Soil and Climate: Well-drained deep sandy loam soils are most suitable for cashew cultivation. Generally, various soil types, from sandy to laterite, are well-suited for this crop.
    • It thrives in the hot and humid conditions of the Indian coastal areas.
  • Temperature: Cashew grows well in temperatures ranging from 20°C to 38°C.
  • Relative Humidity: Ideal relative humidity falls in the range of 60% to 95%.
  • Rainfall: Annual precipitation should typically range from 2000mm to 3500mm.
  • Low temperatures and frost are not favorable for cashew plantations.
  • Cashew cultivation is expanding to non-traditional areas in the plains of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, and certain parts of the North East hill region.

Geographical Indications (GI) Tag

Definition and Importance:
  • Geographical Indications of Goods indicate the country or place of origin of a product.
  • They assure consumers of the product’s quality and distinctiveness derived from its specific geographical locality.
  • GI tags are an essential component of intellectual property rights (IPRs) and are protected under international agreements like the Paris Convention and TRIPS.
Administration and Registration:
  • Geographical Indications registration in India is governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
  • The registration and protection are administered by the Geographical Indication Registry under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade (DIPIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • The registration is valid for 10 years, and it can be renewed for further periods of 10 years each.
Significance and Examples:
  • GI tags provide a unique identity and reputation to products based on their geographical origin.
  • The first product in India to receive a GI tag was Darjeeling tea.
  • Karnataka has the highest number of GI tags with 47 registered products, followed by Tamil Nadu with 39.
Ownership and Proprietorship:
  • Any association, organization, or authority established by law can be a registered proprietor of a GI tag.
  • The registered proprietor’s name is entered in the Register of Geographical Indication for the applied product.
  • Protection and Enforcement:
  • Geographical Indications protect the interests of producers and prevent unauthorized use of the product’s name or origin.
  • Enforcement of GI rights helps maintain the quality and reputation of the products associated with their specific geographical regions.
Location of the Geographical Indications Registry:
  • The Geographical Indications Registry is located in Chennai, India.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023