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About Initiatives Under NEP 2020

Context:

Recently, the Minister of State for Education provided valuable insights into the initiatives taken up under National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 for the transformation of Education Sector in India during a written reply in the Lok Sabha.

Relevance:

GS II: Education

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Initiatives under NEP 2020
  2. Key Initiatives under NEP 2020

National Education Policy 2020

Introduction and Historical Context:

  • The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 envisions India as a global knowledge hub, marking the third major education policy overhaul since independence.
  • The earlier policies were introduced in 1968 and 1986, setting the stage for this comprehensive transformation.
Salient Features of NEP 2020:
  • Universal Access: Ensuring access to education at all levels, from pre-primary to Grade 12.
  • Early Childhood Care: Focusing on quality early childhood care and education for children aged 3-6.
  • Curricular Structure: Adopting a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure that aligns with age groups.
  • Four Schooling Stages: Dividing education into Foundational, Preparatory, Middle, and Secondary stages.
  • Integrated Learning: Breaking barriers between arts and sciences, curricular and extra-curricular activities, and vocational and academic streams.
  • Multilingualism: Emphasizing multilingualism and promoting Indian languages.
  • Performance Assessment: Introducing PARAKH, the National Assessment Centre for holistic development evaluation.
  • Gender Inclusion and Special Education: Establishing a Gender Inclusion fund and Special Education Zones.

Key Initiatives under NEP 2020

PM Schools for Rising India (PM-SHRI):
  • Objective: Provide high-quality, equitable, and inclusive education in a joyful school environment.
  • Launch: September 2022.
  • Scope: Upgrading over 14,500 schools across India.
  • Allocation: Rs. 630 crore for school enhancement.
NIPUN Bharat:
  • Vision: Achieve universal foundational literacy and numeracy by Grade 3 (2026-27).
  • Focus: Develop enabling environment for essential reading, writing, and numeracy skills.
PM e-VIDYA:
  • Aim: Promote online education and digital learning.
  • Platforms: Utilizes DIKSHA and provides e-books and e-content nationwide.
NCF FS and Jadui Pitara:
  • Launch: National Curriculum Framework for Foundational Stage and Jadui Pitara for play-based learning.
  • Audience: Tailored teaching materials for children aged 3 to 8.
NISHTHA:
  • Focus: Capacity-building program for teachers and school principals.
  • Enhancement: Aims to foster holistic advancement in school heads and teachers.
NDEAR:
  • Blueprint: National Digital Education Architecture for technology-based education applications.
  • Guiding Principles: Lays foundations for digital technology integration in education.
Academic Frameworks:
  • NcrF: National Credit Framework for enhanced credit transfer.
  • NHEQF: National Higher Education Qualification Framework for academic flexibility.
Increased Investment in Education:
  • Advocacy: Recommends 6% of combined GDP allocation by Central and State Governments.
  • Budget Allocation: Ministry of Education budget increased to Rs. 1,12,899 crore in 2023-24, a 13.68% rise from 2020-21.
International Campuses and Partnerships:
  • Support: NEP 2020 encourages Indian universities to establish campuses abroad and invites foreign institutions to operate in India.
  • MoUs: Agreements signed for IIT campuses in Zanzibar and Abu Dhabi, fostering global educational connections.
Educational Innovation in GIFT City:
  • GIFT City Hub: Foreign universities authorized to offer specialized courses in Gujarat’s GIFT City.
  • Objective: Cultivate high-end human resources for financial services and technology sectors.

April 2024
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