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About Mahavir Jayanti

Focus: GS I: History

Why in News?

Mahavir Jayanti which marks the birth of Lord Mahavir was recently celebrated.

About Lord Mahavir:

  • Lord Mahavir was the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara of the Jain religion.
  • He was born in 599 B.C. as a prince in Bihar, India.
  • At the age of 30, he renounced his family and royal life, gave up his material possessions, including clothing, and became a monk.
  • He organized his followers into a fourfold order, consisting of monks (Sadhus), nuns (Sadhvis), laymen (Shravaks), and laywomen (Shravikas), who are now known as Jains.
  • The ultimate goal of his teachings was to attain complete liberation from the cycle of birth, life, pain, misery, and death, and achieve a permanent state of bliss, known as liberation, nirvana, absolute freedom, or Moksha.
  • Lord Mahavir taught that every living being (soul) is in bondage to karmic atoms that accumulate through one’s own good or bad deeds.
  • He preached that the attainment of liberation requires a combination of right faith (samyak-darshana), right knowledge (samyak-jnana), and right conduct (samyak-charitra).

 


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