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About PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)

Context:

The Union Cabinet, led by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, approves the “PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)” scheme by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

Relevance:

GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

About PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)

  • Implementation Period: 2021-26
  • Overall Cost: Rs. 4,797 crore
Sub-schemes under PRITHVI:
  • Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)
  • Ocean Services, Modelling Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART)
  • Polar Science and Cryosphere Research (PACER)
  • Seismology and Geosciences (SAGE)
  • Research, Education, Training and Outreach (REACHOUT)
Major Objectives:
  • Augmentation and sustainance of long-term observations of the Earth System components.
  • Development of modeling systems for understanding and predicting weather, ocean, and climate hazards.
  • Exploration of polar and high seas regions for discovering new phenomena and resources.
  • Development of technology for exploring and sustainably harnessing oceanic resources.
  • Translation of knowledge from Earth systems science into services for societal, environmental, and economic benefit.
Functions of Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES):
  • Provide services for weather, climate, ocean, coastal state, hydrology, seismology, and natural hazards.
  • Explore and harness marine living and non-living resources sustainably.
  • Explore the three poles of the Earth (Arctic, Antarctic, and Himalayas).
Holistic Approach of PRITHVI Scheme:
  • Addresses all five components of Earth System Science.
  • Enhances the understanding of Earth System Sciences.
  • Provides reliable services for weather, climate, ocean, cryosphere, seismological science, and resource exploration.
Integrated Research and Development:
  • Components of PRITHVI scheme are inter-dependent.
  • Carried out in an integrated manner through combined efforts of concerned MoES institutes.
  • Enables integrated multi-disciplinary Earth science research and innovative programs.
Outcome:
  • Addresses grand challenges in weather and climate, oceanography, cryosphere studies, seismology, and sustainable resource exploration.

March 2024
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