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About Rajaji Tiger Reserve


The Uttarakhand government recently decided to establish Rajaji Tiger Reserve Conservation Foundation to accelerate the ecological, economic, social, and cultural development of the landscapes in and around the reserve.


GS III: Environment and Ecology

About Rajaji Tiger Reserve:

Rajaji Tiger Reserve, formerly known as Rajaji National Park, is a significant wildlife reserve located in the Shivalik range of the Himalayas, covering an extensive area of approximately 820 square kilometers. Here are some key details about Rajaji Tiger Reserve:

  • Situated in the Shivalik range of the Himalayas.
  • Spreads across three districts of Uttarakhand: Haridwar, Dehradun, and Pauri Garhwal.
Historical Background:
  • Established in 1983 by merging three sanctuaries: Rajaji Sanctuary and National Park (established in 1948), Motichur Sanctuary (established in 1964), and Chilla Sanctuary (established in 1977).
  • Renamed as Rajaji Tiger Reserve on 20 April 2015, in honor of the prominent freedom fighter C. Rajagopalachari, commonly known as “Rajaji.”
Notable Features:
  • Renowned for its thriving elephant population, with approximately 600 elephants residing within the reserve.
  • Geographically located in a transition zone between the temperate western Himalaya and central Himalaya, contributing to a diverse range of species.
  • Encompasses a variety of vegetation, including semi-evergreen, deciduous, mixed broad-leaved, and Terai grassland, categorized as the Indus-Ganges Monsoon Forest type.
  • Dominated by towering Sal trees (Shorea Robusta) in many areas.
  • Other prominent plant species found in the reserve include Rohini, Palash, Shisham, Sandan, Khair, Arjun, Baans, Semul, Chamaror, among others.
  • Home to a substantial population of Tigers and Asian Elephants.
  • Houses a diverse range of wildlife, including Leopards, Jungle Cats, Himalayan Black Bears, Sloth Bears, Striped Hyenas, Gorals, Sambars, Wild Pigs, Spotted Deer, and Barking Deer, to name a few.
  • Rajaji Tiger Reserve stands as a vital wildlife conservation area in the Himalayan region, known for its rich biodiversity and remarkable natural beauty.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023