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About The Fanged Frogs

Context:

Scientists recently discovered the world’s smallest species of Fanged Frogs named Limnonectes phyllofolia from Indonesia.

Relevance:

GS III: Species in News

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Fanged Frogs
  2. Key Facts – Limnonectes phyllofolia

About Fanged Frogs:

  • Genus and Species: Belong to the genus Limnonectes, comprising around 75 species.
  • Distinctive Features: Notable for fang-like structures, which are projections of their jaw bone.
  • Geographical Distribution: Found across East and Southeast Asia.
Behavior and Usage of Fangs:
  • Territorial and Mating Battles:
    • Use fangs in battles for territory and mates.
  • Hunting Techniques:
    • Employ fangs to capture tough-shelled prey like giant centipedes and crabs.
Size Variation:
  • Many species in this genus are giants, with some weighing up to two pounds.
Key Facts – Limnonectes phyllofolia:
  • Size: The smallest species among fanged frogs.
  • Habitat: Discovered on the mountainous island of Sulawesi in Indonesia.
  • Reproductive Behavior: Earned the nickname “leaf-nester” as they do not lay eggs in water; instead, they make nests on tree leaves or moss-covered boulders away from water, with males guarding the eggs.
  • Appearance: Adults are brown in color.

-Source: The Hindu


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