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About The Fatehpur Sikri


A 61-year-old French tourist recently died inside the Fatehpur Sikri fort after she fell from a nine-feet-high platform following the collapse of a wooden railing.


GS I: History

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Fatehpur Sikri
  2. Notable Buildings

About Fatehpur Sikri:

  • Fatehpur Sikri is a historic city located 37 km from Agra, Uttar Pradesh, primarily constructed from red sandstone. It holds significant historical and architectural importance.
Foundation and Mughal Capital:
  • Founded in 1569 by the renowned Mughal emperor Akbar.
  • Served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585.
  • The capital was relocated to Delhi in 1586 due to water supply issues in Fatehpur Sikri.
UNESCO World Heritage Site:
  • Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986 for its cultural and historical significance.
Architectural Highlights:
  • The city’s architecture blends elements from Persian, Indian, and Central Asian styles.
  • Predominantly constructed from red sandstone, giving it a distinct appearance.
  • Enclosed by an 11 km long fortification wall with numerous gateways.

Notable Buildings:

  • Jama Masjid: Home to one of India’s largest mosques, known for its imposing structure, graceful arches, and intricately designed prayer hall.
  • Buland Darwaza: A colossal gateway, also called the “Gate of Magnificence,” built to commemorate Akbar’s Gujarat campaign. A grand example of Mughal architecture.
  • Diwan-i-Khas and Diwan-i-Aam: Prominent buildings within the complex. The Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience) was for private meetings, while the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience) was used for public affairs.
  • Panch Mahal: A unique five-storied palace featuring open pavilions on each level, used for relaxation and entertainment.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023