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About The Fujianvenator Prodigiosus

Context:

Scientists recently said they unearthed in Fujian Province the fossil of a Jurassic Period dinosaur they named Fujianvenator prodigiosus.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Fujianvenator Prodigiosus
  2. Key Facts About the Jurassic Period

About Fujianvenator Prodigiosus:

  • Classification:
    • Member of the avialans group, which includes all birds and their closest non-avian dinosaur relatives.
  • Survivor:
    • Birds, including Fujianvenator, managed to survive the asteroid strike 66 million years ago, which led to the extinction of their non-avian dinosaur counterparts.
  • Distinctive Features:
    • The lower leg bone (tibia) was twice as long as the thigh bone (femur), a unique trait among theropods.
    • Possessed a long bony tail.
    • Forelimb structure resembled a bird’s wing but had three claws on the fingers, which are not found in modern birds.

Key Facts About the Jurassic Period:

  • Period Classification:
    • The Jurassic Period is the second of three periods within the Mesozoic Era.
  • Time Period:
    • It occurred from approximately 201.3 million to 145 million years ago.
  • Chronological Context:
    • The Jurassic Period directly followed the Triassic Period (from 251.9 million to 201.3 million years ago).
    • It was succeeded by the Cretaceous Period (from 145 million to 66 million years ago).
  • Global Changes:
    • The Jurassic Period was marked by significant global changes in continental positions, ocean currents, and biological ecosystems.
  • Continental Drift:
    • During this period, the supercontinent Pangea began to break apart, leading to the eventual formation of the central Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.

-Source: The Hindu


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