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About The Jacaranda Bloom

Context:

The early onset bloom of jacaranda set off alarm bells among residents and scientists in Mexico City.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Jacaranda Bloom: A Lavender Spectacle

Scientific Identification:

  • Also recognized by its synonym Jacaranda acutifolia, the Jacaranda bloom is associated with the deciduous tree Jacaranda mimosifolia from the Bignoniaceae family.

Native Habitat:

  • Native to Brazil and North West Argentina, the blue jacaranda thrives in tropical climates, demanding well-drained soil and ample sunlight to unveil its captivating lavender touch.

Growing Characteristics:

  • These hardy trees are extensively cultivated in warm regions and greenhouses, celebrated for their striking blue or violet flowers and visually appealing, oppositely paired, compound leaves.

Cultural Uses:

  • In Brazil, the wood of the Jacaranda is employed in crafting guitars. While it holds no edible utility, its bark and roots offer medicinal benefits.

Wood Carving Potential:

  • Recognized as a viable wood carving tree species, particularly in Kenya, the Jacaranda serves as an alternative for artistic endeavors.

Ecological Importance:

  • The trees play a vital ecological role by attracting a significant number of hummingbirds and bees, contributing to biodiversity. A shift in flowering patterns could potentially impact these populations.

Concerns:

  • An unusual occurrence has been observed, with some Jacarandas blooming in early January instead of their usual spring awakening, raising concerns about potential environmental changes.

-Source: The Hindu


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