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About The Mangrove Pitta


Odisha forest officials have recently sighted 179 mangrove pitta birds in the first ever census conducted of these exotic and colourful birds in the country.


GS III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Mangrove Pitta Bird
  2. Passerine Birds

Mangrove Pitta Bird:

  • The Mangrove Pitta is a species of passerine bird in the Pittidae family.
  • Its scientific name is Pitta megarhyncha.
  • It is native to Southeast Asia and South Asia and can be found in countries like Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
  • The bird is commonly found in mangrove and nipa palm forests where it feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and insects.
  • Mangrove Pittas have a distinct appearance, with a black head with brown crown, white throat, greenish upper parts, buff under-parts, and reddish vent area.
  • Its conservation status is classified as Near Threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Passerine Birds:

  • Passerines or passeriforms are birds that belong to the order Passeriformes, which is the largest order of birds, containing more than half of all species.
  • They are also referred to as perching birds or songbirds.
  • Passerine birds are terrestrial and can be found on all continents except Antarctica.
  • They are characterized by their feet which have three toes pointing forward and one pointing backward, allowing them to perch on branches.
  • Many passerines are known for their ability to produce songs, and their songs are used for communication and attracting mates.
  • Examples of passerine birds include finches, sparrows, thrushes, warblers, and crows.

-Source: The Hindu

March 2024