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About The Parkachik Glacier

Context:

A new study by scientists of Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology has found that three glacial lakes are likely to form around Parkachik Glacier in Ladakh due to rapid ice melt.

Relevance:

GS I: Geography

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Parkachik Glacier
  2. Key Facts about Zanskar Ranges

Parkachik Glacier

  • The Parkachik glacier is one of the largest glaciers in the Suru River valley, located in the western Himalayas.
  • It covers an area of 53 square km and stretches for 14 km in length.
  • The Suru River valley is a part of the southern Zanskar Ranges.
Reasons for Rapid Melting:
  • Global Warming: The glacier’s rapid melting can be attributed to the effects of global warming, leading to increased temperatures in the region.
  • Lower Altitude: Another reason for its faster melting is that the Parkachik glacier is situated at a lower altitude compared to other glaciers in the Zanskar region.

Key Facts about Zanskar Ranges:

  • Zanskar is a high-altitude semi-desert located on the northern flank of the Great Himalayan Range.
  • The mountain range acts as a climatic barrier, shielding Ladakh and Zanskar from most of the monsoon, resulting in a warm and dry climate in the summer.

Flora:

  • Vegetation in Zanskar is primarily found in the lower reaches of the valleys and comprises alpine and tundra species.

Fauna:

  • Zanskar is home to diverse wildlife, including marmots, bears, wolves, snow leopards, kiangs (Tibetan wild ass), bharals (blue sheep), alpine ibex, wild sheep and goats, and the lammergeier (a large vulture).

-Source: Indian Express


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