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About The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Gramin)


The Centre has withdrawn the allocation of 1.44 lakh houses from about two dozen states and UTs which failed to sanction the houses by June 30 under the PMAY-G, and given these to UP as additional allocation.

  • Under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G), the Union Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) aims to construct 2.95 crore houses by March 2024.


GS II- Welfare Schemes

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. PMAY-G (Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin)
  2. Allocation of Houses and UP’s Share
  3. What are the reasons for delay?

PMAY-G (Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin)

  • PMAY-G is a rural housing program that aims to provide pucca houses with basic amenities to houseless households and those living in kutcha and dilapidated houses by 2022.
  • It was introduced in 2016 to address gaps identified in the previous rural housing program, Indira Awas Yojana.
  • The immediate objective is to cover 1 crore households living in kutcha and dilapidated houses by 2018-19.
  • The program selects beneficiaries using housing deprivation parameters from the Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011, verified by Gram Sabhas.
Salient Features of PMAY-G:
  • Minimum size of the house increased to 25 with a hygienic cooking space.
  • Increased unit assistance for construction, shared between the Central and State Governments.
  • Leveraging convergence with other programs for assistance in toilet construction, piped drinking water, electricity connection, LPG gas connection, etc.
  • National Technical Support Agency (NTSA) established for better quality construction.
  • Training and certification program for masons launched.
  • Implementation and monitoring through e-Governance model using Awaas Soft and Awaas App.
  • Community participation through social audit and oversight by Member of Parliament (DISHA Committee).

Allocation of Houses and UP’s Share:

  • The Centre has set a target of constructing 2.95 crore houses by March 2024.
  • Allocation of houses is based on SECC data and a survey called Awas+ conducted between 2018 and 2019.
  • Some states and UTs failed to sanction the allocated houses within the deadline.
  • Uttar Pradesh (UP) had completed a significant number of houses and requested additional houses.
  • As a result, the additional houses that were withdrawn from other states and UTs have been allocated to UP.

What are the reasons for delay?

  • The government officials blame the Covid-19 Pandemic for the slowdown.
  • The completion rate for houses sanctioned before the Covid-19 pandemic stood around 80%.
  • Six States account for 70% of the target units — West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
    • Out of them only two States — Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal — have a completion rate above the national average.
    • Bihar has one of the lowest completion rates.
  • In urban areas, issues such as a lack of clear titles and other land documents tend to crop up. This further slowed down the pace. The same is true for rural areas as well.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023