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About Thirukkural

Context:

Indian Prime Minister along with his Papua New Guinea counterpart recently released the Tamil classic ‘Thirukkural’ in the Tok Pisin language.

Relevance:

GS I: History

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Thirukkural
  2. Structure and Themes

About Thirukkural:

  • Thirukkural, also known as Tirukkural or Kural, is a renowned Tamil text authored by Thiruvalluvar, believed to have lived between the 2nd century BCE and the 5th century CE.
  • It holds great significance and influence in Tamil culture and society.
  • Comprising of 1,330 couplets called kurals, Thirukkural imparts timeless wisdom on various aspects of life, including ethics, governance, love, and spirituality.

Structure and Themes:

  • Thirukkural is organized into three main sections or books: Aram (Virtue), Porul (Wealth), and Inbam (Love).
  • Each section covers a wide range of topics and offers moral, ethical, and practical guidance to its readers.
  • The kurals are composed in a concise and poetic form, making them easily memorable and quotable.

Aram:

  • This section explores virtues such as righteousness, truth, gratitude, and compassion.
  • It emphasizes the significance of leading a righteous life and upholding moral values in all situations.

Porul:

  • Porul provides insights into worldly affairs, including governance, economy, and friendship.
  • It offers wisdom on subjects like wealth management, administration, and the value of surrounding oneself with good company.

Inbam:

  • Inbam delves into the complexities of human emotions, love, and family life.

-Source: The Hindu


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