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Acharya Vinoba Bhave Jayanti

Focus: GS I: History

Why in News?

Recently, the Prime Minister of India paid tributes to Acharya Vinoba Bhave on his Jayanti, 11th September.

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

  • Original name: Vinayak Narahari Bhave
  • Birth: September 11, 1895, in a Chitpavan Brahmin family at Gagoda village of the Konkan area of Maharashtra.
  • Along with reading the texts, he studied Sanskrit and a number of regional languages.
  • The “Kannada” script was referred to as the “Queen of World Scripts” or “Vishwa Lipigala Raani” by Vinoba Bhave.
  • He is considered as India’s National Teacher.
  • Bhave committed his life to religious work and the fight for liberation, keeping his vow of celibacy throughout.
  • Died in 1982, Wardha, Maharashtra.

Role in Freedom Struggle:

  • In 1918, Bhave burned his books rather than showing up for an exam in Bombay.
    • After reading an article by Mahatma Gandhi, something transpired.
    • He was a devoted supporter of Gandhi.
  • Gandhi in India chose Bhave to be the “First Individual Satyagrahi” against the British Raj in 1940.
  • Bhave was crucial to the movement to Quit India.

Role in Social Work

Bhoodan Movement 1951: 
  • At Pochampally in Telangana, Vinoba Bhave launched the Bhoodan Movement, a land donation movement.
  • He obtained given land from Indian landowners and distributed it to the underprivileged and landless so they might cultivate it.
  • Then after 1954, he started to ask for donations of whole villages in a programme he called Gramdan. 
  • He got more than 1000 villages by way of donation. Out of these, he obtained 175 donated villages in Tamil Nadu alone.
 Brahma Vidya Mandir: 
  • It is a tiny community for women that was established as part of Bhave’s ashrams in order for them to become independent and non-violent in a community.
  • This group farms to provide for themselves, but they follow Gandhi’s principles for food production, which include social justice and sustainability.
Sarvodaya Movement: 
  • Vinoba observed the life of the average Indian living in a village and tried to find solutions for the problems he faced with a firm spiritual foundation. This formed the core of his Sarvodaya movement. 
    • Sarvodaya is Gandhi’s most important social political movement. Like Satyagraha, it too is a combination of two terms, Sarva ­ meaning one and all, and Uday ­ meaning welfare or uplift. The conjunction thus implies Universal uplift or welfare of all as the meaning of Sarvodaya.
  • Although Sarvodaya was a social ideology in its fundamental form, India’s immediate post ­independence requirement demanded that it be transformed into an urgent political doctrine. 
Some of his works:-
  • The essence of Quran
  • The essence of Christian teachings
  • Thoughts on education
  • Swarajya Sastra
  • Geeta Pravachane,
  • Teesri Shakti or The Third Power

March 2024