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Archaeological Discovery in Telangana


Archaeologists from the Public Research Institute of History, Archaeology, and Heritage (PRIHAH) have made a significant discovery in Mudimanikyam village, Nalgonda district, Telangana. Unearthed during excavations are two ancient temples dating back to the Badami Chalukyan period. The discovery also includes a rare inscription, shedding light on the historical and cultural richness of the region.


GS I: History

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Findings in Recent Excavation
  2. Key Features of the Chalukya Dynasty

Key Findings in Recent Excavation

Ancient Temples:
  • Discovered at the village’s edge, the two temples have been dated between 543 AD and 750 AD, aligning with the Badami Chalukya era.
  • Exhibiting a distinctive architectural fusion, they incorporate styles from both Badami Chalukyas and Kadamba Nagara, presented in the Rekha Nagara format.
  • Noteworthy features include the recovery of a panavattam (Shiva lingam base) in one temple and a Vishnu idol in another.
  • An inscription known as ‘Gandaloranru’ was found, estimated to be from the 8th or 9th Century AD.
Cultural Significance:
  • Traditionally, the influence of Badami Chalukyas was believed to extend only to sites like Jogulamba temples at Alampur and the submerged Yeleswaram sites.
  • This discovery broadens the recognized boundaries of the Badami Chalukya kingdom, revealing new facets of their historical reach.

Key Features of the Chalukya Dynasty

Dynastic Structure:
  • The Chalukya dynasty, spanning the 6th to 12th centuries, included the Chalukyas of Badami, Eastern Chalukyas, and Western Chalukyas.
  • Badami Chalukyas, with their zenith under Pulakeshin II, were followed by the rise of Eastern and Western Chalukyas.
Geographical Rule:
  • Badami Chalukyas, originating from Vatapi (Badami in Karnataka), ruled the western Deccan.
  • Eastern Chalukyas emerged in the eastern Deccan, centred around Vengi.
  • Western Chalukyas, successors of Badami Chalukyas, ruled from Kalyani.
Historical Phases:
  • Pulikesin I’s fortification near Badami marked the dynasty’s foundation.
  • Eastern Chalukyas flourished independently, while the rise of the Rashtrakutas overshadowed Badami Chalukyas.
  • Western Chalukyas revived the legacy until the late 12th century. 
Administrative System:
  • Implemented a structured administrative system with divisions like Vishayam, Rastram, Nadu, and Grama for effective governance.
Religious Patronage:
  • Notable patrons of Saivism and Vaishnavism, and supporters of Jainism and Buddhism, showcasing religious diversity.
  • Poet-laureate Ravikirti, under Pulikesin II, was a Jain scholar.
Architectural Contributions:
  • Introduced sandstone for temple construction, evident in Badami’s cave and structural temples, as well as temples in Pattadakal and Aihole.
  • Mastered both excavated cave temples and structural temples.
Literary Contributions:
  • Sanskrit used in official inscriptions, demonstrating commitment to classical literature.
  • Recognition of regional languages like Kannada for official use, acknowledging them as languages of the people.
Artistic Expression:
  • Adopted Vakataka style in painting, with examples found in a Vishnu cave temple in Badami.

-Source: The Hindu

May 2024