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Arrow-3 Missile Defence System Overview


Israel recently confirmed that it used its sophisticated Arrow 3 missile interceptor against Iran-backed Houthi rebels.


GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Arrow-3 Missile Defence System

Arrow-3 Missile Defence System Overview

Purpose and Development:
  • Type: Exo-atmospheric anti-ballistic missile defense system.
  • Designed for: Long-range threat engagement.
  • Developed by: Israel Aerospace Industries and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency.
Operational Deployment:
  • Initiated Service: Initially deployed in 2017.
  • Integration: Forms the top layer of Israel’s air-defense network.

Key Characteristics:

Missile Design:
  • Interception Zone: Targets ballistic missiles outside of the atmosphere.
  • Propulsion: Two-stage solid-fueled interceptors.
  • System Elements: Launcher, radar, and battle management system.
  • Radar Capabilities: Early warning, fire control, extended-range acquisition, multi-target acquisition, and tracking.
Operational Range:
  • Range: 2,400 km.
  • Altitude: Can intercept threats at an altitude of 100 km.

Operational Mechanism:

Hit-to-Kill Technology:
  • Destruction Method: Utilizes hit-to-kill technology for intercepting and destroying incoming missiles.
  • Launch Orientation: Vertical launch with a change in direction towards the estimated interception point.
Target Acquisition:
  • Sensor Technology: High-resolution electro-optical sensor.
  • Target Identification: Acquires the target for the kill vehicle to intercept and destroy the warhead.

-Source: Times of India

May 2024