By which one of the following Acts was the Governor General of Bengal designated as the Governor General of India
(a) The Regulating Act
(b) The Pitt’s India Act
c) The Charter Act of 1793
(d) The Charter Act of 1833
The correct answer is (d), The Charter Act of 1833.
The Charter Act of 1833 was a British Parliament Act that renewed the charter of the British East India Company for another 20 years, but on significantly different terms.
The most important change was that the Act designated the Governor-General of Bengal as the “Governor-General of India,” making him the supreme authority over all British territories in India. The Act also created a new Legislative Council to advise the Governor-General, and it opened up the Indian civil service to Indians.
The Charter Act of 1833 was a major turning point in the history of British India. It marked the beginning of the end of the British East India Company’s rule in India, and it paved the way for the establishment of direct British rule.