Recently, the Madhya Pradesh government has proposed to open 292 hectares for mining in five stretches on Chambal and its tributary Parvati rivers.
- The decision was made to relieve the forest department of the burden of spending too much time, money, and effort battling illegal mining in the National Chambal Sanctuary.
- Since 2006, sand mining has been prohibited in the sanctuary.
GS III- Environment and Ecology
Dimensions of the Article:
- About Chambal River
- About National Chambal Sanctuary
About Chambal River
- The Chambal River is a tributary of the Yamuna River in central India, and thus forms part of the greater Gangetic drainage system.
- The river flows north-northeast through Madhya Pradesh, running for a time through Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh state.
- The perennial Chambal originates at janapav, south of Mhow town, near manpur Indore, on the south slope of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh.
- The Chambal and its tributaries drain the Malwa region of northwestern Madhya Pradesh, while its tributary, the Banas, which rises in the Aravalli Range, drains southeastern Rajasthan.
- It ends a confluence of five rivers, including the Chambal, Kwari, Yamuna, Sind, Pahuj, at Pachnada near Bhareh in Uttar Pradesh state.
- The Chambal River is considered pollution free, and hosts an amazing riverine faunal assemblage including 2 species of crocodilians – the mugger and gharial, 8 species of freshwater turtles, smooth-coated otters, gangetic river dolphins, skimmers, black-bellied terns, sarus cranes and black-necked storks, amongst others.
About National Chambal Sanctuary
- The National Chambal Sanctuary lies over Sheopur, Morena and Bhind districts of Madhya Pradesh, spread across a length of over 400 kilometers.
- It is home to 75% population of the naturally living population of the Gharials.
- These species are categorized under the Critically Endangered species of India.
- The sanctuary also harbors national aquatic animal i.e. the freshwater dolphins, nine species of freshwater turtles and more than 180 species of migratory birds.
- Located on the Chambal River near the tri-point of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, it was first declared in Madhya Pradesh in 1978, and now constitutes a long narrow eco-reserve co-administered by the three states.
- Within the sanctuary, the pristine Chambal River cuts through mazes of ravines and hills with many sandy beaches.
- The National Chambal Sanctuary is listed as an Important Bird Area (IBA) and is a proposed Ramsar site.
-Source: The Hindu