Call Us Now

+91 9606900005 / 04

For Enquiry

legacyiasacademy@gmail.com

Chambal River

Context:

Recently, the Madhya Pradesh government has proposed to open 292 hectares for mining in five stretches on Chambal and its tributary Parvati rivers.

  • The decision was made to relieve the forest department of the burden of spending too much time, money, and effort battling illegal mining in the National Chambal Sanctuary.
  • Since 2006, sand mining has been prohibited in the sanctuary.

Relevance:

GS III- Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Chambal River
  2. About National Chambal Sanctuary

About Chambal River

  • The Chambal River is a tributary of the Yamuna River in central India, and thus forms part of the greater Gangetic drainage system.
  • The river flows north-northeast through Madhya Pradesh, running for a time through Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh state.
  • The perennial Chambal originates at janapav, south of Mhow town, near manpur Indore, on the south slope of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh.
  • The Chambal and its tributaries drain the Malwa region of northwestern Madhya Pradesh, while its tributary, the Banas, which rises in the Aravalli Range, drains southeastern Rajasthan.
  • It ends a confluence of five rivers, including the Chambal, Kwari, Yamuna, Sind, Pahuj, at Pachnada near Bhareh in Uttar Pradesh state.
  • The Chambal River is considered pollution free, and hosts an amazing riverine faunal assemblage including 2 species of crocodilians – the mugger and gharial, 8 species of freshwater turtles, smooth-coated otters, gangetic river dolphins, skimmers, black-bellied terns, sarus cranes and black-necked storks, amongst others.

About National Chambal Sanctuary

  • The National Chambal Sanctuary lies over Sheopur, Morena and Bhind districts of Madhya Pradesh, spread across a length of over 400 kilometers.
  • It is home to 75% population of the naturally living population of the Gharials.
  • These species are categorized under the Critically Endangered species of India.
  • The sanctuary also harbors national aquatic animal i.e. the freshwater dolphins, nine species of freshwater turtles and more than 180 species of migratory birds.
  • Located on the Chambal River near the tri-point of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, it was first declared in Madhya Pradesh in 1978, and now constitutes a long narrow eco-reserve co-administered by the three states.
  • Within the sanctuary, the pristine Chambal River cuts through mazes of ravines and hills with many sandy beaches.
  • The National Chambal Sanctuary is listed as an Important Bird Area (IBA) and is a proposed Ramsar site.

-Source: The Hindu


Download PDF
June 2022
MTWTFSS
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930 
Categories