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Children with Disability face Multiple Challenges


In India, children with disabilities encounter significant obstacles, particularly exacerbated by socio-economic factors. Recent data indicates that a considerable number of these children lack essential medical and educational support. These challenges not only impact the immediate health and well-being of these children but also limit their prospects in terms of education, employment, and social inclusion, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and marginalization.


GS2- Health

  • Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes;
  • Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections.
  • Health

Mains Question:

Children with disabilities in underserved communities face a multitude of societal and economic challenges which not only impact their immediate health and well-being, but also limit their prospects in terms of education, employment, and social inclusion. Analyse. (10 Marks, 150 Words).

Children with Disabilities in India:

  • As of January 2023, an analysis of the National Statistical Office’s 2018 report on disability in India revealed that there are 561,744 children under the age of 14 with an intellectual disability, excluding autism. This report is considered the latest nationally representative survey providing data on disability within the general population of India.
  • A 2017 study conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) indicated that approximately 0.5% of boys and 0.2% of girls aged 10-14 years were identified as being on the autism spectrum, using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study.

Challenges Faced by Children with Disabilities:

Lack of Awareness:

Parents frequently struggle to identify developmental issues in their children due to a lack of awareness and information. Recognizing signs of disabilities such as autism, hearing impairments, or cognitive delays can be challenging without proper knowledge or access to healthcare professionals.

Cultural Stigma:

  • Cultural stigma and misconceptions about disabilities can further lead to denial or reluctance to seek help. This delay in identification hampers early intervention, which is crucial for improved outcomes.
  • Stigma and a lack of awareness in these communities further contribute to social isolation and discrimination, hindering the children’s development and integration into society.

Limited Availability of Specialized Healthcare Services:

The limited availability of specialized healthcare services in many regions compounds these challenges. Specialized healthcare and rehabilitation services are often scarce, especially in rural and underprivileged areas.

Steps Taken in This Regard:

  • To effectively confront these challenges, early identification and comprehensive lifelong support are imperative. Programs like the Cochlear Implant Program have assisted more than 1200 hearing-impaired children since 2013, and the Hans Foundation’s (THF) Little Hearts Program addresses congenital heart defects in children.
  • Collaborations between NGOs and government healthcare systems ensure broader accessibility to essential medical treatments. The Centre for Early Childhood Development and Neuro-Rehabilitation, established in partnership with AIIMS, aims to centralize services for children with disabilities, ensuring more accessible and effective care.
  • Philanthropy can indeed play a crucial role in enhancing pediatric care for children with disabilities and creating lasting positive impacts. By investing in specialized pediatric care centers, supporting research and innovation, and promoting early intervention programs, philanthropic efforts can significantly improve the quality of care for children facing disabilities.
  • Providing financial assistance to families, training healthcare professionals, and constructing accessible facilities are additional avenues through which philanthropy can actively contribute.
  • Advocacy and awareness campaigns serve to educate various stakeholders, and collaboration with government agencies and NGOs ensures a more comprehensive and sustainable approach to pediatric care.


Supporting community-based initiatives and fostering long-term partnerships with healthcare institutions and advocacy groups further enhances the impact of philanthropy. Through these initiatives, philanthropy not only addresses immediate healthcare needs but also strives to create inclusive environments that empower children with disabilities and their families, ultimately contributing to a more equitable and supportive future.

February 2024