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Cigaritis Meghamalaiensis: A New Butterfly Species

Context:

The pristine hills of the Meghamalai in Tamil Nadu have thrown up a new species of ‘silverline’ butterflies.

Relevance:

Species in News

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Cigaritis Meghamalaiensis: A New Butterfly Species
  2. Periyar Tiger Reserve: Key Facts

Cigaritis Meghamalaiensis: A New Butterfly Species

  • Recently discovered butterfly species in the Western Ghats, named Cigaritis meghamalaiensis.
  • Marks the first butterfly species described from the Western Ghats in 33 years.
  • Discovered in the high elevations of Periyar in Idukki in 2018, with subsequent findings revealing its confinement to the Meghamalais and the adjoining Periyar Tiger Reserve.
  • Unique features include conjoined discal and post-discal bands on the forewing underside, setting it apart from other Cigaritis species in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka.

Periyar Tiger Reserve: Key Facts

  • Located in the Western Ghats of Kerala, named after the River Periyar originating within the reserve.
  • Drained by two main rivers, Pamba and Periyar.
  • Rich biodiversity with tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen, and moist deciduous vegetation.
  • Home to various tribal communities, including the Mannans and the Palians.
  • Diverse flora, including teak, mangoes, rosewood, jamun, jacarandas, terminalias, tamarind, royal ponciana, and bamboos.
  • Fauna includes elephants, wild pigs, sambar, gaur, mouse deer, dole or barking deer, Indian wild dog, and tigers.

-Source: The Hindu


March 2024
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