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The Border tensions between India and China have flared up once again with at least two incidents of violent clashes and stone-pelting taking place between rival troops in Ladakh and Sikkim.


  • The clash in eastern Ladakh, in particular, led both India and China to send additional troop reinforcements to the border area.
  • The Army played down the two incidents as “temporary and shortduration face-offs” that were resolved by “local commanders as per mutually-accepted protocols” through dialogue and flag meetings.
  • Concerns were regarding aggressive patrolling by People’s Liberation Army along the 3,488-km long Line of Actual Control (LAC), stretching from Ladakh to Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The second clash took place at an altitude of over 5,000 metres in the Naku La sector in north Sikkim.

Line of Actual Control

  • The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, formed after the 1962 war.
  • The LAC is the effective military border which separates Indian controlled areas of Jammu and Kashmir from Aksai Chin.
  • It is to be noted that this border is NOT a legally recognised international boundary, but rather it is the practical boundary.
  • Conventionally, India considers the Johnson line of 1865, marked by a civil servant W.H. Johnson, which put Aksai Chin in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • On the other hand, China recognises the Macartney-Macdonald Line as the actual boundary which puts Aksai Chin in Xinjiang region of China.

-Source: Times of India

May 2024