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Climate Highlights of 2023

Context:

2023 emerges as the warmest year on record, surpassing the 2016 record, with significant implications for global climate patterns and extreme weather events.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Climate Highlights of 2023:

  • Global Temperature Increase:
    • In 2023, the global temperature was 1.48°C higher than the average recorded during the pre-industrial period of 1850-1900.
  • Frequency of Elevated Temperatures:
    • About 50% of the days in 2023 experienced temperatures surpassing the 1.5°C mark compared to the baseline.
  • Impactful Consequences:
    • The elevated temperatures recorded in 2023 resulted in widespread climatic events, including heatwaves, floods, droughts, and wildfires.
  • Marine Heatwaves:
    • Various regions witnessed marine heatwaves, notably in the Mediterranean, Gulf of Mexico, Indian Ocean, North Pacific, and extensive areas of the North Atlantic.
  • El Niño Influence:
    • The onset of El Niño in 2023 contributed to the intensification of temperature extremes.
    • El Niño, a natural weather phenomenon, involves the warming of surface waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean, contributing to elevated global temperatures.

-Source: Indian Express


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