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Climate Highlights of 2023


2023 emerges as the warmest year on record, surpassing the 2016 record, with significant implications for global climate patterns and extreme weather events.


Facts for Prelims

Climate Highlights of 2023:

  • Global Temperature Increase:
    • In 2023, the global temperature was 1.48°C higher than the average recorded during the pre-industrial period of 1850-1900.
  • Frequency of Elevated Temperatures:
    • About 50% of the days in 2023 experienced temperatures surpassing the 1.5°C mark compared to the baseline.
  • Impactful Consequences:
    • The elevated temperatures recorded in 2023 resulted in widespread climatic events, including heatwaves, floods, droughts, and wildfires.
  • Marine Heatwaves:
    • Various regions witnessed marine heatwaves, notably in the Mediterranean, Gulf of Mexico, Indian Ocean, North Pacific, and extensive areas of the North Atlantic.
  • El Niño Influence:
    • The onset of El Niño in 2023 contributed to the intensification of temperature extremes.
    • El Niño, a natural weather phenomenon, involves the warming of surface waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean, contributing to elevated global temperatures.

-Source: Indian Express

February 2024