Focus: GS-III Disaster Management

Why in news?

Scaling up the precautionary measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the Karnataka government on 23rd March 2020, enforced “curfew-like” restrictions across the State from 24th March 2020, and will be in force till March 31 2020.

What is allowed and what isn't WHAT IS ON • Food, ration shops, milk, vegetables, groceries, meat, fish, fruit, wholesale and retail markets • Petrol stations, gas, LPG, oil agencies and related godowns • Banks, ATMs, telecom, Internet, cable services • E-commerce/ home delivery of goods and serwces • Take away/ home delivery from restaurants • Drinking water production, supply and distribution in bulk and in containers • Hospitals, clinics, pharmacies, optical stores, diagnostic centres, other health, medical- related shops, factories • Private vehicles for procuring essential commodities • Canteens run by government and local bodies • Electricity, water, municipal services • Print, electronic media • Transport of all goods • Police and fire services • Urban local bodies and panchayat raj institution offices, postal services • Government offices dealing with essential services • Security services, including private security servlces WHAT •S OFF • Gathering of more than five people in public places • Prayer gatherings, festival gatherings of all religions • Shops, businesses, offices, workshops • Government, private bus services — inter-State, inter-district and intra-district. Ola, Uber, taxis and autorickshaws, Other hired services, except for procuring essential commodities, medical emergencies Industries, factories, except those dealing with essential goods, services, food, medical equipment, drugs, fuel, agricultural inputs • All IT & BT units to ensure work from home • Government offices dealing with non-essential services

Details

  • All public and private transport including Uber, Ola and autos will be off the road, while only essential services will be available across the State.
  • The government, which had initially announced restrictions only in nine districts that had reported COVID-19 cases, later revised the order to cover the entire State.
  • The government has enforced this under Epidemic Disease Act, 1981, making more stringent the guidelines put in place earlier.

Concerns in the State of Karnataka

  • Karnataka State Government Medical Education Minister had expressed concern that despite declaration of lockdown, people were not completely confining themselves indoors.
  • This would increase the chances of the spread of the virus, he observed, while pointing out that so far the State had reported 33 positive cases of COVID-19.

Measures taken by the Karnataka Government to control the COVID-19 Spread

  • Only services and activities related to health, medicine, agriculture, and grocery would be allowed to operate in these districts, the Minister said.
  • Similarly, industries would be asked to ensure that only 50% of their workforce were deployed for work.
  • Government and private offices would be classified as “essential” and “non-essential” services depending upon the nature of operation and only those in the essential sector would be allowed to operate.
  • The government had decided to strictly quarantine and test all those who had come in contact with the COVID-19 patients.
  • It had been decided to test at least 200 people for a population of 10 lakh, he said.
  • To facilitate this, licences would be granted to more number of government and private labs.
  • The government would obtain the services of police in keeping a vigil on the C-category international travellers who have been home quarantined.
  • The family members of such persons would also be quarantined and the police would be instructed to paste notices on their houses and also inform locals about it.
  • A vigilance team comprising senior IAS officers had been formed to monitor the situation.
Nearly 36% of all COVID•19 cases in India have emerged from just Kerala and COVID-19 Maharashtra. These two States, which have lately seen an exponential rise in cases, states has recorded the most no. of cases among districts. By Sumant Sen and Vignesh R Case progression in States I Of 36 States/U.T.s, 23 have registered at least one case. The chart shows the day-wise progression of COVID•19 cases since the first case in each State District-wise cases I According to the latest but undated data available with the Union Health Min•stry, 87 districts recorded at least one case. The map shows the cases recorded in these districts. The darker the shade, the higher the no. Of cases. The district data are unclear, however. For instance, under the IJ.T. of J&K, a district named "Kashmir" has been listed. However, Kashm•r region has 10 different districts. In Karnataka, a district named "Bangalore" is listed. It is unclear whether the numbers pertain to Bengaluru city or to the rural parts (Bengaluru Urban is a separate district). Also there is no time stamp for the data CASES 0 CZIii— 26 90 Gujarat recorded its first case later than 70 many States but has seen a sharp 50 Increase 30 Karnat 10 T e num r cases In Kera before a surge middling Maharashtra is on a steeper curve Telangana Delhi Ladakh 38 46 30 54 Gurugram 18 Hyderabad 18 Source: Health Min •stries of States 22 6 14 Days since 1st case Mumbai 20 Pune 26 Kasatagod 15 Testing rates I The data for samples tested were available for only some States. Among them, Kerala leads by a huge margin, while West Bengal has tested the least number Of samples Kerala Karnataka Maharashtra Tamil Nadu Gujarat Andhra Pradesh West Bengal 4,035 1,387 1,666 552 422 178 128 Test data March 22 March 22 March 22 March 23 March 23 March 23 March 22 Tests per lakh population 11.38 2.08 1.37 0.72 0.65 0.33 0.13



Share this article on

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Enable Notifications    OK No thanks