- It is a concept that the personal data of a country’s residents should be processed and stored in that country.
- Some directives may restrict flow entirely, while others more leniently allow for conditional data sharing or data mirroring – in which only a copy has to be stored in the country.
- As of now, much of cross-border data transfer is governed by individual bilateral “mutual legal assistance treaties” (MLATs).
The ‘Data’ under debate
- Data is any collection of information that is stored in a way so computers can easily read it.
- These days, most people refer to data to mean information about their messages, social media posts, online transactions, and browser searches.
- Big data refers to the immense amount of data that can now be collected, stored, and analysed to find patterns.