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Differentiate ‘moral intuition from ‘moral reasoning’ with suitable examples

Moral Intuition vs. Moral Reasoning

Moral Intuition is an immediate, instinctual judgment about the rightness or wrongness of an action or situation without conscious reasoning. It is more like a gut feeling or an instinctive response based on one’s inherent or culturally influenced understanding of morality.

Example: If you see someone drop their wallet and without thinking, you immediately feel it’s right to return it, that’s moral intuition in action. Your response is not based on a weighed decision but an innate sense of right.

Moral Reasoning, on the other hand, is a deliberate, reflective process of using logical and rational thought to determine the morality of an action or situation. It involves evaluating the action against ethical theories, principles, and societal norms.

Example: Suppose you find a lost item with no identification. You might engage in moral reasoning by thinking: “If I keep it, it would cause distress to the person who lost it. According to societal laws and ethical principles, it would be wrong to keep someone else’s property.” This analytical process guiding your decision is moral reasoning.

In essence, while moral intuition is an automatic and immediate emotional response, moral reasoning is a thought-out process, weighing pros and cons based on ethical frameworks and societal norms. Both play crucial roles in shaping an individual’s moral compass, often complementing each other.

July 2024