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FSSAI’s 3rd State Food Safety Index


In the third State Food Safety Index (SFSI) released in 2021, by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), Gujarat topped the ranking among the large states.


GS-II: Social Justice (Issues related to Health, Government Policies and Interventions)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
  2. About the State Food Safety Index (SFSI)
  3. Highlights of the SFSI 2021

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

  • FSSAI is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
  • The FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India.
  • Hence, FSSAI is a Statutory Body
  • FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.
  • The main aim of FSSAI is to
    1. Lay down science-based standards for articles of food
    2. To regulate manufacture, storage, distribution, import and sale of food
    3. To facilitate safety of food
  • Standards framed by FSSAI are prescribed under:
    • Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Additives) Regulation, 2011,
    • Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulation, 2011
    • Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins, and Residues) Regulations, 2011.

About the State Food Safety Index (SFSI)

  • The index is developed by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) to measure the performance of states on five significant parameters of Food Safety.
  • The parameters include Human Resources and Institutional Data, Compliance, Food Testing – Infrastructure and Surveillance, Training & Capacity Building and Consumer Empowerment.
  • The Index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model that provides an objective framework for evaluating food safety across all States/UTs.
  • The first State Food Safety Index for the year 2018-19 was announced on the first-ever World Food Safety Day on 7th June 2019.

Highlights of the SFSI 2021

  • Among the larger states, Gujarat was the top ranking state, followed by Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • Among the smaller states, Goa stood first followed by Meghalaya and Manipur.
  • Among UTs, Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and New Delhi secured top ranks.

-Source: PIB

November 2023