Arunachal Pradesh has recently received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for Arunachal Yak Churpi, Khaw Tai (Khamti rice), and Tangsa textile.
GS III: Indian Economy
Dimensions of the Article:
- Unique Characteristics of Arunachal Yak Churpi
- Distinctive Features of Khaw Tai (Khamti Rice)
- Special Characteristics of Tangsa Textile
- Geographical Indications (GI) Tag
Unique Characteristics of Arunachal Yak Churpi:
- Origin: Arunachal Yak Churpi is derived from the milk of the Arunachali yak, a rare breed primarily found in West Kameng and Tawang districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
- Tribal Yak Pastoralists: The milk is obtained from yaks reared by the Brokpas, a tribal community known for their expertise in yak husbandry.
- Seasonal Migration: These pastoralists practice seasonal migration with their yaks, taking them to higher altitudes during summers and descending to mid-altitude mountainous regions in winters, as yaks cannot survive at lower altitudes during summer.
- Health Benefits and Usage: Churpi is rich in proteins and serves as a vital source of nutrition in the vegetation-scarce, cold, and hilly mountainous regions of Arunachal Pradesh.
Distinctive Features of Khaw Tai (Khamti Rice):
- Origin: Khaw Tai, a chewy sticky rice variety, originates from the Namsai region and is cultivated by traditional Khampti tribal farmers.
Special Characteristics of Tangsa Textile:
- Craftsmanship: Tangsa Textile products are crafted by the Tangsa tribe of Changlang district, known for their exotic designs and vibrant colors.
- Cultural Richness: These traditional textiles reflect the cultural richness of the region and carry the artistic expressions of the Tangsa tribe.
Geographical Indications (GI) Tag
Definition and Importance:
- Geographical Indications of Goods indicate the country or place of origin of a product.
- They assure consumers of the product’s quality and distinctiveness derived from its specific geographical locality.
- GI tags are an essential component of intellectual property rights (IPRs) and are protected under international agreements like the Paris Convention and TRIPS.
Administration and Registration:
- Geographical Indications registration in India is governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
- The registration and protection are administered by the Geographical Indication Registry under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade (DIPIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
- The registration is valid for 10 years, and it can be renewed for further periods of 10 years each.
Significance and Examples:
- GI tags provide a unique identity and reputation to products based on their geographical origin.
- The first product in India to receive a GI tag was Darjeeling tea.
- Karnataka has the highest number of GI tags with 47 registered products, followed by Tamil Nadu with 39.
Ownership and Proprietorship:
- Any association, organization, or authority established by law can be a registered proprietor of a GI tag.
- The registered proprietor’s name is entered in the Register of Geographical Indication for the applied product.
- Protection and Enforcement:
- Geographical Indications protect the interests of producers and prevent unauthorized use of the product’s name or origin.
- Enforcement of GI rights helps maintain the quality and reputation of the products associated with their specific geographical regions.
Location of the Geographical Indications Registry:
- The Geographical Indications Registry is located in Chennai, India.