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Graphene-Aurora Program

Context:

Recently, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) Secretary launched the ‘Graphene-Aurora program’ at a function in Maker Village Kochi, Kerala.

Relevance:

GS II: Government policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Graphene-Aurora Program
  2. Graphene: Remarkable Properties and Characteristics

Graphene-Aurora Program

  • The Graphene-Aurora Program is set to be executed by Digital University Kerala.
  • Joint funding will come from the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY), the Government of Kerala, and industry partners.
  • Carborundum Pvt Limited has emerged as a prominent industry participant.
Objectives:
  • The program aims to foster the growth of deep/emerging Graphene technology and innovation ecosystem.
  • It envisions providing guidance, development, implementation, and support to SMEs and startups in the commercialization of graphene technologies.
Significance:
  • By establishing a commercialization eco-system for graphene, India seeks to establish a prominent position in the global market for new materials.
  • The program aims to facilitate the scale adoption of developed graphene technologies, contributing to India’s prominence in the emerging technology landscape.

Graphene: Remarkable Properties and Characteristics

Source and Composition:

  • Graphene is derived from graphite and consists solely of carbon atoms.
  • It’s a fundamental element present in everyday items, such as pencil lead.

Exceptional Attributes:

  • Acknowledged as the thinnest material globally, it boasts incredible strength and exceptional conductivity in both heat and electricity.
  • Surpasses copper in electrical conductivity, making it an outstanding conductor.
  • Remarkably, it is 200 times stronger than steel while being six times lighter.

Transparency and Impermeability:

  • Graphene exhibits near-perfect transparency, permitting only a mere 2% light absorption.
  • It possesses unparalleled gas impermeability, even blocking gases as lightweight as hydrogen and helium.

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