Born in 1666, Guru Gobind Singh is considered to be one of the most celebrated of all Sikh gurus.
- Guru Gobind Singh (1666 – 1708), was the tenth Sikh Guru, warrior, poet and philosopher.
- He was born as Gobind Rai as
the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
- He founded the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699.
- He introduced the Five Ks
(Kesh, Kangha, Kara, Kirpan and Kacchera), the five articles of faith that Khalsa Sikhs
wear at all times.
Contribution to Sikh texts:
- Finalized the Guru Granth Sahib in 1706 and declared this text to be the eternal Guru for Sikhs.
- Wrote the Chandi di Var in Punjabi language – a legendary war between the good and the evil, as described in the ancient Sanskrit text Markandeya Purana.
- Composed Dasam Granth which includes compositions which are part of the daily prayers/lessons of Sikhs.
List of Sikh Takhts associated with him:
|Takht Keshgarh Sahib||Anandpur Sahib, Punjab||· It was here that Guru Gobind Singh raised Khalsa, the initiated Sikh warriors, in 1699.|
|Takht Damdama Sahib||Talwandi Sabo, Punjab||· Guru Gobind Singh spent several months in Damdama Sahib. · It was the last one to be recognised as a takht, through a resolution of the SGPC in 1966, after Punjab became a separate state.|
|Takht Patna Sahib||Bihar||· Patna Sahib is the birthplace Guru Gobind Singh.|
|Takht Hazur Sahib||Nanded, Maharashtra||· Guru Gobind Singh spent his final days in Hazur Sahib, where he was cremated in 1708.|