Born in 1666, Guru Gobind Singh is considered to be one of the most celebrated of all Sikh gurus.


  • Guru Gobind Singh (1666 – 1708), was the tenth Sikh Guru, warrior, poet and philosopher.
  • He was born as Gobind Rai as the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur.


  • He founded the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699.
  • He introduced the Five Ks (Kesh, Kangha, Kara, Kirpan and Kacchera), the five articles of faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times.


Contribution to Sikh texts:

  • Finalized the Guru Granth Sahib in 1706 and declared this text to be the eternal Guru for Sikhs.
  • Wrote the Chandi di Var in Punjabi language – a legendary war between the good and the evil, as described in the ancient Sanskrit text Markandeya Purana.
  • Composed Dasam Granth which includes compositions which are part of the daily prayers/lessons of Sikhs.

List of Sikh Takhts associated with him:

Name Location Religious significance
Takht Keshgarh Sahib Anandpur Sahib, Punjab ·         It was here that Guru Gobind Singh raised Khalsa, the initiated Sikh warriors, in 1699.
Takht Damdama Sahib Talwandi Sabo, Punjab ·         Guru Gobind Singh spent several months in Damdama Sahib. ·         It was the last one to be recognised as a takht, through a resolution of the SGPC in 1966, after Punjab became a separate state.
Takht Patna Sahib Bihar ·         Patna Sahib is the birthplace Guru Gobind Singh.
Takht Hazur Sahib Nanded, Maharashtra ·         Guru Gobind Singh spent his final days in Hazur Sahib, where he was cremated in 1708.

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