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Himalayan serow

Context:

Recently, a Himalayan serow was spotted in the central part of Nameri National Park and Tiger Reserve.

Relevance:

GS III: Species in News

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Himalayan Serow
  2. Key Facts About Nameri Tiger Reserve

Himalayan Serow

Physical Description:

  • The Himalayan serow resembles a mix between a goat, donkey, cow, and pig.

Species Variants:

  • There are several species of serows, all native to Asia.
  • The Himalayan serow (Capricornis sumatraensis thar) is exclusive to the Himalayan region and is a subspecies of the mainland serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).

Dietary Habits:

  • Himalayan serows are herbivores.

Habitat and Distribution:

  • Typically found at altitudes ranging from 2,000 to 4,000 meters (6,500 to 13,000 feet).
  • They inhabit the eastern, central, and western Himalayas but are absent from the Trans-Himalayan region.

Conservation Status:

  • Listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
  • Included in Appendix I of CITES.
  • Protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Key Facts About Nameri Tiger Reserve

Location:

  • Situated in the northern part of the Sonitpur district of Assam, along the foothills of Arunachal Pradesh.

Geographical Boundaries:

  • Nameri National Park forms the core of the reserve, bordered by the Jia-Bhoreli River to the west and the Bor-Dikorai River to the east.
  • The Pakke Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh lies to the north, creating a contiguous habitat.

Flora:

  • The reserve is characterized by tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen, and moist deciduous forests, interspersed with cane brakes and narrow grassland strips along rivers.

Fauna:

  • Notable for the presence of the white-winged wood duck.
  • Hosts a variety of species including the leopard cat, common otter, black giant squirrel, Indian mongoose, large-clawed shrew, Indian flying fox, slow loris, Assamese macaque, and rhesus macaque.

-Source: The Hindu


 

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