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Hunger Hotspots – FAO-WFP

Context:

According to a recent Report by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Food Program (WFP) Hunger Hotspots – FAO-WFP early warnings on acute food insecurity, India’s neighbors, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Myanmar, are among the hunger hotspots in the world.

Relevance:

GS III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Highlights of the Report
  2. About Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  3. About World Food Programme (WFP)

Highlights of the Report:

Acute Food Insecurity Hotspots:

  • There are 18 areas in 22 countries where acute food insecurity is expected to increase in magnitude and severity.
  • Hotspots with very high concern include Pakistan, the Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Syrian Arab Republic.
  • These hotspots have a high number of people facing critical acute food insecurity, and the drivers of food insecurity are expected to worsen in the coming months.

Highest Concern Level:

  • Afghanistan, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen remain at the highest concern level for food insecurity.
  • Haiti, the Sahel region (Burkina Faso and Mali), and Sudan have been elevated to the highest concern levels.
  • This elevation is due to severe movement restrictions of people and goods in Haiti, as well as conflict eruptions in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Sudan.

Population at Risk:

  • All hotspots at the highest concern level have populations already facing critical food insecurity or projected to face starvation.
  • These areas are at risk of deteriorating towards catastrophic conditions due to severe aggravating factors.

Impact of Conflicts:

  • New emerging conflicts, including the eruption of conflict in Sudan, are likely to drive global conflict trends and impact neighboring countries.
  • The use of explosive ordnance and siege tactics in hunger hotspots contributes to pushing people into catastrophic levels of acute food insecurity.

Weather Extremes:

  • Weather extremes such as heavy rains, tropical storms, cyclones, flooding, drought, and increased climate variability are significant drivers of food insecurity in some countries and regions.
  • The May 2023 forecast suggests an 82% likelihood of El Niño conditions starting in the May–July 2023 period, which will have significant implications for several hunger hotspots.

Economic Shocks:

  • Deepening economic shocks are pushing low- and middle-income nations deeper into crisis, exacerbating food insecurity.

About Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

  • The Food and Agriculture Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • Its main objective is to lead international efforts in the fight against hunger.
  • FAO was founded in 1945 and is headquartered in Rome, Italy.
  • It is one of the UN food aid organizations, along with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
  • World Food Day is celebrated annually on October 16th to commemorate the establishment of FAO in 1945.

About World Food Programme (WFP)

  • The World Food Programme is a leading humanitarian organization that saves lives and transforms lives through food assistance.
  • It provides food aid during emergencies and works with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience.
  • WFP was founded in 1961 by the FAO and the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
  • Its headquarters are also located in Rome, Italy.
  • WFP is a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UNSDG) and collaborates with other UN agencies to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The international community has committed to ending hunger, achieving food security, and improving nutrition by 2030.
  • WFP operates in over 120 countries and territories, delivering life-saving food to people affected by conflict and disasters.

Source: Down to Earth


June 2024
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