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International Civil Aviation Day (ICAD)

Context:

International Civil Aviation Day (ICAD) is celebrated annually on 7th December. The day was established in 1994 as part of the 50th anniversary of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. International Civil Aviation Day (ICAD)
  2. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

International Civil Aviation Day (ICAD)

  • Officially recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in 1996.

Purpose of ICAD

  • Aims to promote global recognition of the crucial role played by international civil aviation in the social and economic development of nations.

ICAO’s Role

  • Underscores the unique position of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in fostering cooperation among states.
  • Its goal is to establish an inclusive and efficient global transit network for the benefit of humanity.

2023 Theme

  • The theme for 2023 is “Advancing Innovation for Global Aviation Development.”

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Establishment and Foundation

  • Established in 1944, ICAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
  • It played a foundational role in setting global standards and procedures for peaceful air navigation.

Chicago Convention

  • The Convention on International Civil Aviation was signed on December 7, 1944, in Chicago.
  • This convention laid down the fundamental principles allowing for international air transport and was instrumental in the creation of ICAO.

Core Objectives

  • One of ICAO’s key objectives is to facilitate the planning and development of international air transport.
  • The aim is to ensure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation worldwide.

Membership

  • ICAO boasts a membership of 193 countries.
  • India is among the nations that are part of this international aviation organization.

Headquarters

  • ICAO is headquartered in Montreal, Canada.

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