Call Us Now

+91 9606900005 / 04

For Enquiry

legacyiasacademy@gmail.com

International Day for Biological Diversity

Context:

The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB), celebrated on 22nd May 2023, raises awareness about the importance of biodiversity for sustaining life on Earth.

Relevance:

GS III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Details
  2. About International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB)
  3. Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

Details:

Extent of Species Extinction Risk:

  • The Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services emphasizes that approximately one million species face the risk of extinction.

Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework:

  • At the 15th Conference of Parties (COP 15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework was adopted as a response to the biodiversity crisis.

Ambitious Targets for 2030:

  • The framework establishes ambitious targets to be achieved by 2030 in order to address the biodiversity crisis.
  • These targets serve as a guide and aim to facilitate conservation efforts, restoration initiatives, and the sustainable use of biodiversity.

Roadmap for Conservation, Restoration, and Sustainable Use:

  • The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework provides a roadmap for actions to be taken regarding the conservation, restoration, and sustainable utilization of biodiversity.
  • It outlines strategies and measures that can be implemented on local, national, and global levels to protect and restore ecosystems and halt species decline.

About International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB):

  • In 1993, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) designated May 22nd as the International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB).
  • The purpose of IDB is to raise awareness and promote understanding of biodiversity issues.

United Nations Decades:

  • The UNGA declared the period from 2011 to 2020 as the United Nations (UN) Decade on Biodiversity.
  • This Decade aimed to encourage the implementation of a strategic plan on biodiversity and promote the vision of living in harmony with nature.
  • Additionally, the UNGA declared 2021 to 2030 as the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development and the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.

Theme for 2023:

  • The theme for the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2023 is “From Agreement to Action: Build Back Biodiversity.”
  • This theme underscores the urgent need to move beyond commitments and translate them into concrete actions.
  • The focus is on revitalizing and safeguarding biodiversity through practical measures and initiatives.

Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework:

  • The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework calls for urgent and integrated action to incorporate biodiversity considerations into all sectors of the global economy.
  • However, crucial issues such as funding conservation in poorer countries and committing to biodiversity-friendly supply chains are left to be discussed later.
  • It is important to note that the framework is not a binding international agreement.
  • The framework urges parties to mainstream biodiversity protection in decision-making and recognize the significance of conservation in safeguarding human health.
  • The theme of the declaration is “Ecological Civilization: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth.”
Post-2020 Implementation Plan and Capacity Building:
  • Adoption of the framework commits nations to support the development, adoption, and implementation of an effective post-2020 implementation plan.
  • It also involves the formulation of a capacity-building action plan for the Cartagena Protocol on biosafety, which aims to protect biodiversity from potential risks associated with living modified organisms from modern biotechnology.
  • The signatory nations pledge to ensure that post-pandemic recovery policies, programs, and plans contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, promoting sustainable and inclusive development.
30 by 30 Target:
  • The declaration references the “30 by 30” target, which is a key proposal under discussion at COP15.
  • This target aims to designate 30% of the Earth’s land and oceans with protected status by 2030.
Goals and Targets:

The framework comprises four goals and 23 targets to be achieved by 2030.

Goals:

  1. Conserve and restore biodiversity.
  2. Ensure sustainable use of biodiversity.
  3. Share benefits fairly and equitably.
  4. Enable transformative change.

Targets:

-Source: Down to Earth


February 2024
MTWTFSS
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829 
Categories