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Hurdles in the proposed merger of nationalised banks

  • The main hurdle will be to the smooth process of integration.
  • In our country, all our banks have their own importance in terms of origin, growth, expansion and geographical [focus], and have been contributing to economic development in their own way.
  • When banks were nationalised in 1969, they were small.
  • In the last 50 years, all of them have grown in terms of branch network, business volume and customer reach.
  • Merger of banks will take away their identity and customers will find it difficult to deal with the new bank.
  • Secondly, branch rationalisation and branch closures are bound to happen on account of mergers.

Challenges faced investors and depositors

  • By merging branches in a certain locality, the number of customers to be taken care of by the merged branch will double or treble. Hence, customer attention and quality of customer service are bound to be affected adversely. When every customer wants better service, the branch will face a big hurdle in this regard.
  • Borrowers also are used to a particular branch servicing their requirements. They will now be compelled to deal with a new branch. The branch staff too will not be aware of the borrower’s history.
  • Investors have made their savings in various banks based on preference, convenience, etc. There are customers dealing with such banks for years and for a few generations.
  • Banking is no simple commercial transaction, but one accompanied by personal experiences and relationship with a particular bank. Now, in the name of mergers, they will be forced to bank with a lender not of their choice.

Status of employee unions

  • Mergers of banks will create a lot of problems for employees in inter-se seniority, transfers to their place of choice, etc. This will pose a challenge to the unions dealing with these problems.
  • Further, there are many welfare schemes, fringe benefits and other schemes that vary from bank to bank. Mergers will impact these benefits and schemes and unionists have to address these issues to harmonise these benefits.
  • Further, due to rationalisation and closure of branches, employees may be displaced and deployed to other centres, which will be an important problem to be addressed by the unions.

Recovery of bad debts

  • Mergers will totally divert the attention of the banks from loan recovery and it is bound to take a back seat.
  • The new entity bank will not know the background of the defaulters and borrowers. The volume of borrowal accounts in a branch will rise.
  • This is one reason why we are opposing mergers.
  • After merger of six associate banks with SBI, non-performing assets went up.
  • Hence, it is also a wrong presumption that the proposed move [to merge] will resolve problems faced by the banks.
December 2023