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Jnanpith Award: Celebrating Literary Excellence

Context:

The Jnanpith selection committee announced that the 58th Jnanpith Award will be given to two writers, Sanskrit scholar Jagadguru Rambhadracharya and Urdu poet and lyricist Gulzar, for 2023.

Relevance:

GS I: History

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Jnanpith Award: Celebrating Literary Excellence
  2. Contributions of Gulzar and Jagadguru Rambhadracharya

Jnanpith Award: Celebrating Literary Excellence

Establishment:

  • Instituted in 1961, the Jnanpith Award is India’s oldest and highest literary honor.

Eligibility:

  • Considers outstanding contributions to literature in both English and other Indian languages.
  • Restricted to Indian citizens, and not conferred posthumously.

Presented by Bharatiya Jnanpith:

  • Established in 1944 by Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain and Rama Jain.
  • A distinguished literary and research organization headquartered in New Delhi, actively promoting literature and culture.

Cash Prize and Recognition:

  • Awardees receive a cash prize of Rs 11 lakh, a statue of Vagdevi, and a citation, recognizing their significant literary contributions.

Contributions of Gulzar and Jagadguru Rambhadracharya

Gulzar:
  • Born on August 18, 1934, in Dina, Jhelum district of undivided India.
  • Respected figure in cinema and literature, considered one of the finest Urdu poets.
  • Notable Awards: Sahitya Akademi Award (2002), Dadasaheb Phalke Award (2013), Padma Bhushan (2004), National Film Awards.
  • Invented the ‘Triveni’ genre in poetry.
  • Iconic Works: “Jai Ho” for “Slumdog Millionaire,” winning an Oscar (2009) and Grammy Award (2010).
Jagadguru Rambhadracharya:
  • Born in 1950 in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh; speaks 22 languages.
  • Polyglot, Hindu spiritual leader, poet, and writer.
  • Authored over 240 books in languages like Sanskrit, Hindi, Awadhi, and Maithili.
  • Awarded Padma Vibhushan in 2015.
  • Founder of Tulsi Peeth in Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, a leading publisher of Hindu religious literature.
  • Head of Tulsi Peeth and one of the four Jagadguru Ramanandacharyas since 1982.
  • Leader of the Ramanandi Sampradaya, emphasizing worship of Rama, Vishnu, and other incarnations.

-Source: The Hindu


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