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Lakadong Turmeric and Curcumin

Context:

Recently, Meghalaya’s Lakadong turmeric has been awarded the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

Relevance:

GS III: Indian Economy

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Lakadong Turmeric and Curcumin
  2. Geographical Indications (GI) Tag

Lakadong Turmeric and Curcumin

Lakadong Turmeric
  • Renowned as one of the finest turmeric varieties globally, with curcumin levels of 6.8 to 7.5%.
  • Notable for its deeper hue and organic cultivation practices in the Lakadong region of Jaintia Hills.
  • Alongside Lakadong turmeric, Meghalaya’s Garo Dakmanda, Larnai pottery, and Garo Chubitchi have received the Geographical Indication (GI) status.
Curcumin
  • Curcumin is a polyphenol known for its interaction with various cellular signaling molecules.
  • Recognized for therapeutic effects on inflammatory diseases, metabolic syndrome, pain relief, and eye condition management.
  • Offers renal benefits and is largely appreciated for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Geographical Indications (GI) Tag

Definition and Importance:
  • Geographical Indications of Goods indicate the country or place of origin of a product.
  • They assure consumers of the product’s quality and distinctiveness derived from its specific geographical locality.
  • GI tags are an essential component of intellectual property rights (IPRs) and are protected under international agreements like the Paris Convention and TRIPS.
Administration and Registration:
  • Geographical Indications registration in India is governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
  • The registration and protection are administered by the Geographical Indication Registry under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade (DIPIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • The registration is valid for 10 years, and it can be renewed for further periods of 10 years each.
Significance and Examples:
  • GI tags provide a unique identity and reputation to products based on their geographical origin.
  • The first product in India to receive a GI tag was Darjeeling tea.
  • Karnataka has the highest number of GI tags with 47 registered products, followed by Tamil Nadu with 39.
Ownership and Proprietorship:
  • Any association, organization, or authority established by law can be a registered proprietor of a GI tag.
  • The registered proprietor’s name is entered in the Register of Geographical Indication for the applied product.
  • Protection and Enforcement:
  • Geographical Indications protect the interests of producers and prevent unauthorized use of the product’s name or origin.
  • Enforcement of GI rights helps maintain the quality and reputation of the products associated with their specific geographical regions.
Location of the Geographical Indications Registry:
  • The Geographical Indications Registry is located in Chennai, India.

-Source: The Hindu


 

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