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Lithium Reserve In India


India’s Ministry of Mines recently announced that 5.9 million tonnes of lithium reserves have been found for the first time in the country in Jammu and Kashmir.


Facts for Prelims

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Lithium
  2. Uses

About Lithium:

  • Lithium is a soft, silver-white metal with the symbol Li and atomic number 3.
  • It is the lightest of all the metals and the least dense solid element.
  • It is highly reactive and flammable, and easily oxidizes in air or water.
  • Lithium is a rare element and is mostly found in minerals such as spodumene, lepidolite, and petalite.
  • It is also found in brines and clays in certain regions of the world, such as the “Lithium Triangle” in South America, which includes Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile.


Lithium has a range of industrial applications, including:

  1. Lithium-ion batteries: It is a critical component of rechargeable batteries used in mobile devices, laptops, electric vehicles, and renewable energy storage systems.
  2. Aerospace industry: Lithium is used in the manufacturing of aircraft parts due to its lightweight and strong structural properties.
  3. Glass and ceramics: Lithium is used in the production of heat-resistant glass and ceramics, such as ovenware and laboratory equipment.
  4. Pharmaceuticals: Lithium is used as a mood stabilizer in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
  5. Lubricants: Lithium is used in greases and lubricants due to its ability to reduce friction and wear.

In conclusion, lithium is a rare and highly reactive metal that has a wide range of industrial applications, particularly in the manufacture of rechargeable batteries, aerospace industry, glass and ceramics, pharmaceuticals, and lubricants.

-Source: The Hindu


March 2024