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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)


The World Health Organisation (WHO) recently confirmed a case of the potentially fatal Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Abu Dhabi.


GS II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
  2. MERS‐CoV

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS):

  • Viral respiratory disease caused by the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS‐CoV).
  • First identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
  • Part of the coronavirus family, which also includes SARS and COVID-19.
MERS Symptoms:
  • Fever, cough, and shortness of breath are typical symptoms.
  • Pneumonia may be present, and gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhea have been reported.
  • Fatality rate approximately 35% based on reported cases.

Prevention and Treatment:

  • No vaccine or specific treatment available.
  • Supportive treatment based on the patient’s clinical condition.
  • A zoonotic virus transmitted between animals and humans.
  • Contracted through direct or indirect contact with infected animals.
  • Believed to have originated in bats and transmitted to camels in the past.
  • Human-to-human transmission requires close contact, such as providing care to an infected patient.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023